Soirs: Eglogue op. 5, no. 8

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They eschew the Amsterdam edition of , which came fully ornamented - an obvious shortcut for 21st century performers who haven't acquired the ability to improvise like this pair. As Manze puts it, 'reheating' these ornaments goes against the spirit of improvisation, and diametrically opposes the practices of the time: Corelli's Sonatas have never felt more alive and less perfectly preserved than they do here, and if you care at all for the baroque repertoire or fine fiddle playing, you owe it to yourself to hear these exhilarating performances.

Everything's come together for this one: From the gentle questioning of the First Sonata's introduction to the insanely entertaining Follia variations at the end, this is a recording that will open ears and minds. I suspect some academics will hate this, but there's nothing academic about this music, dammit: Harpsichord Concertos Richard Egarr Telemann: Nouvelles Suites Alexandre Tharaud. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Licence. If you choose to use this review on your site please link back to this page. This page has been archived and is no longer updated.

Find out more about page archiving. Corelli Violin Sonatas Op. Links Reviews available at www. Find out more about our use of this data , and also our policy on profanity Find out more about our use of this data. Sostenutos, tremolos and ostinatos play a significant role. The movement represents Sibelius's Karelianistic pianism. The music is lyrical, sorrowful and expansive. It is interrupted twice by a quietly tinkling kantele dance marked Presto in C sharp and the F Aeolian mode. The riotous finale is based on an alternation between two motifs, one a trepak and one lyrical.

It has a wild kinetic energy. The forte recapitulation of the second, lyrical motif takes the movement to a dizzying conclusion. In the end Sibelius was able to create an unusual and virtuoso Karelian style in his sonata, which has no obvious models - though perhaps Grieg and Tchaikovsky are lurking in the background.

Ten piano pieces op. This somewhat heterogeneous opus, which was composed over a long period, contains those piano pieces of Sibelius that are perhaps most popular and most frequently played. In this opus Sibelius does not so much continue to develop the Karelian idiom as combine it with an impressive and more traditionally romantic piano style. The result is nevertheless exciting and unique. In places the work shows interesting anticipations of Valse triste This is a dramatic love scene which opens with a duet between the treble and the middle range of the instrument. The expressive style of the movement is orchestral, even Wagnerian, although the climax also brings to mind Brahms's orchestral style.

This is the most extensive movement of the opus.

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It used to be part of repertoire of the pianist, Siloti. A favourite piece with a virtuoso character, bringing to mind violin techniques, even Paganini. It is based on repetitions, octaves, broken chords and rapid scale figures. As a counterbalance we hear in the middle section a simple, folk-like melody. Its syncopating accompaniment associates it with Souda, souda, sinisorsa. A Chopinesque waltz which is popular among piano students. In the middle of the piece a fierce storm breaks out, with the right hand imitating a virtuoso violin solo.

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In a later version the middle section is in part transposed one octave lower. A catchy, melodic miniature, which could very well exist also in an arrangement for string orchestra. There is also another version which is very similar to the previous version. This contains a passionate cello-like melody which rises to a splendid climax. The work would also be very well suited to a string orchestra.

This work is much loved by Finnish pianists. Kyllikki, three lyrical pieces op. This may well be Sibelius's best large-scale piano work of more than one movement. There is no absolute certainty of its connection with Kalevala, but it can be analysed and interpreted on the basis of such a connection. The work can be seen as a triptych portraying the principal character's three successive states of mind. Even the harshest critics of Sibelius have admitted the excellence of the work. Glenn Gould, who recorded it, valued Kyllikki despite its quasi-virtuoso character and traditional limitations, seeing it as a significant addition to the piano repertoire.

Kyllikki can be regarded as the principal and final work of Sibelius's Kalevala-inspired piano period. The main theme resembles the opening of Beethoven's Waldstein sonata, and its lyrical variant occupies the place normally taken by a secondary theme.

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However, it is difficult to grasp the traditional form, as the listener's attention is taken up by powerful, chordal, octave progressions in contrary motion, which bring in the recapitulation very brutally. This gives us a melancholy inner landscape with a static main theme, which doubles in tenths both a tonic B flat and a dominant F pedal point - and also the theme itself. In the middle section the music for a time becomes nocturnal.

It includes a wistful "adieux" motif in the manner of Beethoven's sonata "Les adieux" and proceeds through a surprisingly impressive climax until it once again falls into a brooding mood, i. The finale has sometimes been considered too light and short compared with the previous "deep" movements. On the other hand, the function of the finale of a classical multi-movement work is to provide relaxation and a sense of closure, often in a dance rhythm.

soirs apres l ete op 5 no 4 Manual

The polka-type rhythm of the finale suits the work as a whole and is programmatically linked with Kyllikki going dancing without permission. Moreover, the contrasting Tranquillo episode links the movement with the more serious character of the previous movement. In the finale one also finds a quality of pastoral lucidity which tends to counteract the high-spirited nature of the movement.

Whereas Kyllikki combines Sibelius's Kalevala Romanticism 1st and 2nd movement and a more classical tendency the "jeu" character of the 3rd movement , Ten pieces represents a period of modernity, introversion and experimentation. Traditional elements still occasionally appear, as Sibelius never entirely gave up the vocabulary of Romanticism.

At the same time, in the wake of the third symphony , the classical approach becomes increasingly dominant. The most essential factors in opus 58 are a new polyphonic-linear way of writing, with economical and graphical textures, concise and concentrated expression and experimental harmony employing exciting dissonances. The music is bold and innovative, and should definitely not be labelled as domestic or salon music. For the pianist the music poses challenges both in terms of intellectual grasp and technique. Sibelius was conscious of the progress he had made, since he wrote in his diary 28th September that he felt that the technique "would be better than in other similar works".

Ilmari Hannikainen understood the uniqueness of the opus earlier than many others. In he wrote: The whole suite is like a string of pearls in which every pearl glistens brightly. And the style of these pieces! Sibelius is always Sibelius from start to finish, but in op. The French title of the work and the tempo marking reveal the impressionistic-expressionistic starting point Debussy, Scriabin.

The opening piece is excitingly modern. The texture, which is mainly two-voiced, is based on considerable independence of the hands: Although the middle section and the denser repeat of the opening also contain more traditional elements, the innovative character of the piece as a whole satisfies both the musical and the intellectual curiosity of the listener. The piece makes an exciting impression with its hint of bi-modalism and its vivacity. The composer saw in it "a touch of Benvenuto Cellini", referring perhaps to the lively character and capriciousness of that sharp-witted Renaissance artist.

The piece is a remarkable achievement with its tonal adventures and Northern salutes to Bach: It has a quality of innocence, in the spirit of the French Baroque of the 18th century.


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A special feature of the middle section is an accompaniment ostinato which recalls the Passepied movement of Debussy's Suite bergamasque. The title "In the Evening" refers to Schumann. Indeed, the composer described the movement as " his best piece as far as the atmosphere is concerned".

Its apparent simplicity conceals unpredictable changes of key. A dialogue between the bass and the treble, digressing to surprising key areas. According to the composer the piece is "in E flat minor and melancholy in the style of bygone days".

Soirs Op. 5: N. 8 Eglogue

Here Sibelius juxtaposes a brooding minuet episode with a music-box texture. This excellent piece is distanced "entfremdet" in a way that might reflect nostalgic reveries of the composer at a particular moment. In "The Fisher Song" the long, assertive accompaniment figure on the left hand supports Italianate melodic material, which is combined with harp-like arpeggio figures. A distancing effect similar to that in the Menuetto no. The "Summer Song" in E flat major is pervaded by a solemn or even religious atmosphere.

The chorale-type melody is accompanied by powerful harmonies. Sibelius's new, modern classicism is considerably deepened in the sonatinas and rondinos. The use of these genres is connected with the general neoclassical aspirations of the era, as is evident in Ravel's piano sonatina and in the sonatinas of Reger and Busoni Sibelius's endeavours in this direction, written to revive Classicism, were more retrospective than other contemporary works, and his own Classicism was generally far-removed from "cubist" neoclassical adaptations Bach with "wrong" bass lines, capricious and broken rhythms.

The sonatinas and rondinos were Sibelius's first "pure water" pieces, to be distinguished from the "cocktails" served by his contemporaries. They are short and pithy but their content is important - in short, they are classical. It would be hard to find a more condensed and noble theme than the one heard here. Its continuation is short, but it introduces an exciting, chromatic theme, with cadences leading to the dominant of the main key, C sharp minor. In the next stage the chromatic theme also incorporates the triplet motif of the main theme. There is no clear boundary between the exposition and the development section, but the listener can notice the recapitulation section from return of the main theme in its original pitch.

The slow movement is based on two appearances of a singing, viola-like theme; on the second occasion it is transposed one octave higher and harmonised more or less as a chorale. The movement ends with an F sharp major chord, a Picardy modification of the main key. The subsidiary sequences are marked by a sparkling major-accented motif, first in G major, then at the end in F sharp major, which also remains the optimistic final key of the sonatina.

Sibelius's liking for Bach is evident in this happy work.


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  8. The movement is opened by imitation and an exchange between voices, and this is also heard in what follows. More important than the boundary between the subsidiary theme and the introductory sequence, though there is such a boundary if one looks for it is the general ellipsis of sonata form, the obscuration of boundaries and above all the endless polyphonic play. Once again we hear a double melody, now in the cello register while the accompaniment figures on the higher registers twinkle from a clear sky.

    A. Corelli - Sonate per Violino Op.5 - No.8 in E Minor

    Before the recapitulation there are expressive minor ninth intervals. The dance-like E major diatonic material of the finale theme is pure joy. This time the finale is based on early-classical sonata form. The B flat minor sonatina is one of Sibelius's most important experiments in concentrating the multi-movement form, uniting the movements and preparing the thematic material of the different movements from the same material.

    The sonatina precedes the masterly fusions found in the first movement of the fifth symphony and in the seventh symphony. The sonatina has in theory three movements, but the last two are fused together, and the opening movement presents material used in the finale. The first movement and the second half of the second movement follow early-classical sonata form, in which the movement contains two halves of roughly equal length. The sonatina is a perfect expression of Sibelius's masterly control of form. The Allegro moderato section adds to the theme an upwards arpeggio and triplet ornamentation.

    It also contains a puzzling, two-voiced contrary motion passage which reaches to the highest and lowest registers; it resembles a homage to Beethoven and is repeated in the Allegretto section. The Allegretto is based on a Siciliano alteration of the main motif. The tenth tremolos on the right hand make a violinistic impression. Otherwise the second rondino is close to the fashionable neoclassicism of the period, since it is based on a cheerful polka rhythm and contains several sharp dissonances.

    The music of Poulenc and Prokofiev is not very far from this unusual frolic. These two collections by Sibelius, each containing ten pieces, could be easily passed over as light music for domestic purposes only - and they have indeed been characterised in this way. However, Guy Sacre, the compiler of the massive French piano music encyclopaedia La musique de piano, , ranks these collections as "among the best of Sibelius's works", adding that they "constitute a kind of Jugend-Album, which is pleasant to play for the fingers and mind of a young and a more mature!

    Even if the opuses contain no outstanding works, they are imaginative and excellent pieces, which certainly all Finnish piano students find indispensable. Many of them are charming tributes to the pianism of Chopin, Schumann, Liszt and Tchaikovsky. This is a kind of miniature Chopin piece, providing excellent preparatory practice for the more demanding works of the great master of the piano. The explicit pause at the end resembles that in Chopin's Minute Waltz.

    Air de danse , op. A charming gavotte pastiche. This "Boutade" caprice is somewhat Chopinesque. In its ppp waltz parts the main note of the melody always strikes a dissonance with the accompaniment. Joueur de harpe , op. It closely resembles The Bard The movement is a genuine Rococo Dance. This "Cradle Song" is a small melodic pearl. It has also been arranged for orchestra.

    A Viennese polka in a moderate tempo. There are delightful harmonic deviations from the home key. Alla polacca , op. Every piano student loves this aristocratic and suitably pompous festive polonaise. Four lyrical pieces op. It may easily seem that in the middle of his darkest creative period, marked by abstinence from alcohol and tobacco, Sibelius wrote "too many" miniatures. Indeed, many writers have simply lumped together the piano opuses and regarded them collectively as "insignificant, "worthless", "trivial" or "unrewarding" pieces.

    However, this has led to a number of Sibelius's first-rate works being ignored. For instance opus 74 is definitely one of Sibelius's best piano suites. Guy Sacre is quite right in saying that it is "moving and poetic, a collection worth preserving as a whole". This piece draws its inspiration from classical antiquity and its pure and innocent classicism is disarming. One Sibelius's most enchanting piano pieces. It may have influences from Debussy's L'isle joyeuse and Ravel's sonatina. It points in the direction of The Oceanides Sibelius's "tree cycle" is one of the finest examples of the composer's sensitive, pantheistic way of feeling: The popularity of the opus speaks for itself.

    This piece brings to mind Tchaikovsky's piano songs. It is a "chanson triste" or a "chanson sans paroles". Den ensamma furan Grave, At the time of its composition it was interpreted as a symbol of Finland standing firm against the icy winds from the east. The responses from the baritone register of the left hand and the bare accompanying chords on the right hand are Nordic in their taciturnity.

    The birch, the favourite tree of the Finns, "stands so white". The first two strophes of the piece are in B flat Mixolydian mode. Their left-hand ostinato produces the effect of a field, by minimalist means. The Misterioso closing of the work, the third strophe, remains strangely open: The riddle is not solved, since a low D flat note appears under the concluding open chord A flat - E flat.

    Granen The Spruce Stretto-Lento; This is one of Sibelius's indisputable hits, a slow waltz comparable to Valse triste. The fast arpeggios in the Risoluto section are truly stunning. The suite is heterogeneous as a whole, but it contains several extremely popular pieces. Many of them are short and simple, but there are also important works among them. In Erik Tawaststjerna's opinion the opus "contains some of Sibelius's finest miniatures".

    This flower Linnaea borealis was Linnaeus' favourite flower and was named after him. To Sibelius it was the symbol of poetry. This is an exciting, tonally meandering piece which successfully avoids settling into G minor until the very last bars. A whimsical, ever-changing work on par with Debussy's shortest preludes e.

    It forms a distinctive series of worthwhile pieces. The style is that of a salon piece. Oeillet Con moto; It was described by Erik Tawaststjerna as "the most inspired and brilliant of Sibelius's miniatures in waltz rhythm". The A flat minor variation in the middle section darkens the atmosphere a little. Iris Allegretto e deciso; This is a challenging but rewarding work for the pianist. It is both serious and poetic in its fragility and determination. This piece "Aquilegia" or "Columbine" serves its purpose as a biedermeier-style work in the manner of Edward MacDowell.

    Huit petits morceaux In his three "bread and butter" suites Sibelius comes close to the practical aesthetics of French composition and in this sense shows a kinship with Satie and Poulenc. Like many of his predecessors and contemporaries Sibelius wrote dance pastiches cf.

    Grieg, Paderewski, Rachmaninov, Prokofiev, etc. The textures are restrained, yet sensuous and translucent.