El cruciferario (Spanish Edition)

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Deputy PM Carmen Calvo. Protest against Brexit in London. In he received by the King's writ a sum of forty pounds for the various services he had rendered to the Crown, and the injuries he had sus- tained at the hands of the Irish rebels. As an instance of the former it may be mentioned that in he levied at his sole cost a body of twenty-six knights, and, being reinforced by the well-affected of the district, marched against O'Moore and O'Byrne, and compelled them to retire with severe loss. The prompitude with which he summoned a council at Cork on the death of Edmund Mortimer, and the unani- mity with which he was elected Loi'd Justice, as the fittest person in the kingdom to fill the office, establish at once his decision of character and the reputation he was held in for this valuable quality.

He enjoyed the confidence of his Sovereign also, and not only was his election confirmed by patent, but he was employed in diplomatic agency at the Court of Rome. Of this we have on record two strong testimonies in the Visitation which is the subject of the present work, and the Ecclesiastical Constitutions which he promulgated at a provincial synod.

In adverting to these the present seems a suitable occasion to take a connected view of the origin and progress of episcopal visitations in Ireland. The first rudiment of the Irish system of visitation is to be discovered in the practice of the abbots of chief monasteries, who occasionally made a circuit of a particular district where the memory of their patron saint was held in esteem, carrying with them his reliques or insignia, and levying contributions from churches and people. King of Meath, and they returned to nals of Ulster, cited below at p. Some of these saints wei'e founders of churches which afterwards became the heads of sees, while others of them had no successors of the episcopal order; their "Lex," therefore, had reference to their monastic influence, and owed its acknowledgment to the reputed sanctity of their lives.


Meaning of cruciferario

In process of time, however, the " Lex Patricii" superseded all the rest, and the visitations of his successors, the abbots of Armagh, became almost the only ones which remain on record. The earliest mention of his "Lex" is at the year , when Tighernach, and, after him, the Annals of Ulster, have these words: Petair et Foil et Padraic ad Legem perficiendam: Most of them are omitted in the date in the former is always the true one, Annals of the Four Masters.

This tribute seems, from the following passage of Tigh- ernach, to have been established in the year y27'- Dal ecrip Get nCllkin ociip Cacat mac pint 5onie oc Ciiibaskipp, Lex paqncii ceniiic liibepniain. Patrick mentions his name in connexion with the neighbourhood of Elphin in the following ciu'ious passage: In his b; Lanigan, Eccles. Patris Patricii, qui ipsum eis sustentandum, et educandum commisit. Corbmaci vaccam debeant solvere, donee Nuadatus Abbas Ardmachanus, eos ab hoc onere liberaverit. Sauctus bic Corb- macus a loco ut apparet educationis cognomento Sniihine appel- latus est.

Terra autem vulgo dicta Tir-omna-Snithine, jacet ante Dermagiam de Cuilchaonna: In the Four Masters tell us, " the Lex Patricii was promul- gated over Munster by Felim, son of Crimthaun [the king], and by Artri, son of Conchabhar, Bishop of Armagh ;" and in , through- out the three divisions of Connacht by the latter. Previously to this, in , "Artri, son of Conchabhar, went to Connaught with the shrine of Patrick.

By this time it is probable the supremacy of Armagh became generally ac- knowledged, and the right of the successors of Patrick to levy sti- pends in all parts of Ireland prescriptively recognised. They afterwards made peace ; and Maelseachlainn submitted to the demand of Patrick [ iia]i piiaccjiaicc], i. The visitation of the Cinel- Eoghain IX Eoglifiin was made by tlie successor of Columcille, Flaithblieartach Ua Brolchain ; and he obtained a horse from every chieftain, a cow from every two biatachs, a cow from every three freeholders, and a cow from every four villains, and twenty cows from the king liimseli"; a gold ring of five ounces, his horse, and his battle dress, from Muir- cheartach, son of Niall Ua Lochlainn, King of Ireland.

On this occasion Ua Conchobhair gave the successor of Patrick a ring of gold of twenty ounces. The visitation of the Sil-Cathasagh was made by Flaithbheartach Ua Brol- chain, successor of Columcille ; and he obtained a horse from every chieftain, a sheep from every hearth ; and his horse, battle-dress, and a ring of gold, in Avhich were two ounces, from their lord, namely, Cuuladh Ua Lainn.

It was on this occasion that the churches of Columcille in Meath and Leinster were freed by the successor of Columcille, Flaithbheartach Ua Brolchain ; and their tributes and jurisdiction were given him, for before they were enslaved. The visitation of Osraighe was made by Flaithbheartach ; and the tribute due to him was seven score oxen, but he chose, as a substitute for these, ounces of pure sil- ver.

He made a visitation of the Cinel Eoghain, re- ceived his tribute [a peip] from them, and gave his blessing. Ac- cordingly the metropolitan jurisdiction became better defined, and the whole cathedral system underwent a reform. The intimacy with the see of Rome also became more strict, and rescripts, as disputes or difficulties might arise, were received, defining the powers and duties of the various classes of prelates, so that by degrees the rela- tive authority of primate, metropolitan, and suffragan, became ad- justed according to the prevailing system in the Roman Church.

Thus, in 1 , a bull of Pope Alexander IV. This privilege was published in a provincial synod at Drogheda, convened in by Patrick O'Scanlain, the Primate"". In Primate Bole issued a citation to the Archbishop and suffragans of Tuam to attend him at a visitation in the metropolitan church on a certain day; and in the same year a similar citation to the Archbishop of Cashel and his suffragans, as subject to him and the Church of Armagh by pri- matial right'.

XI whose right to levy contributions was extended in their successors to a cognizance of ecclesiastical discipline. The authority on wliicli that right, in the case of Munster, rested, is referred, in the following passage of the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, to the earliest period of Christianity in Ireland: Ha3c autem pensio vulgo Cai7i Phadridc appellata, continuo soluebatur a tempore Patricii usque ad tempus Dimgalii, sive Dungalac'd, filii Foelgassii, de stirpe Faluii Flannii originem trahentis: And yet the authority of the Primate, even as metropolitan, was not in all instances cordially acquiesced in, for Hugh de Tach- mon.

Bishop of Meath, till , claimed an exemption for himself and his clergy from the Archbishop's visitation, and maintained long and expensive suits with him at the court of Rome, which, however, were eventually ruled in favour of the Archbishop''.

In like manner the metropolitan jurisdiction of Dublin was challenged by the diocese of Ossory, when Alexander de Bicknor, in , asserted the visitatorial rights of his see, which had not been exercised during a period of forty years. And in Richard Ledred ob- tained for Ossory an exemption from metropolitan visitation, whicli was ' Pars iii. See '' Ware's "Works, vol. The case was otherwise in the diocese of Ferns, where Geofiry St. John, the Bishop, was forced, in , to appeal to the Pope against the oppressive exactions of the metro- politan in his visitation, and obtained a rescript enforcing the limi- tations prescribed by the third Lateran Council'.

`Arab Stones`. Rodrigo Caro `s translations of Arabic

But, besides his stated visitatorial powers, the Primate claimed the guardianship, within his province, of the temporalities and spirituali- ties of vacant sees. As regards the former, it could have been only before the establishment or on the declension of the English power, for the Crown of England, having constituted all the bishops spiritual lords with a voice in Parliament, claimed in return the custody of the temporalities, which, according to the English definition, in- cluded " all such things as they had by livery from the king, as castles, manors, lands, tenements, tithes, and such other certainties, whereof the king held himself to be answerable during the vacation'"".

Hence it is that the escheator accounts in the Exchequer rolls contain the names of many prelates which would otherwise have perished, and it was there Sir James Ware found some of the most valuable ma- terials in compiling his History of the Irish Bishops. Of these one may be noticed, which, as it relates to the diocese of Derry, is perti- nent to the present examination. It is an account rendered by Wal- ter de la Haye of the temporalities of the see which accrued to the Crown in the interval between the death of Florence O'Cherballen and the restitution to Henry of Ardagh, his successor".

Ware from the re- See below, p. Additional Numbers, , p. XIV and fined the sum of twenty marks'. And that the subject had un- dergone legal examination is further shown by the following extract from a petition presented, in 1 , to Edward I. Propter quod status ecclesie sue non tam in facultatibus sed etiam in suis libertatibus ad presens dehonestatur. Alias responsum fuit eidem in parliamento Westmonasterii quod Rex recuperavit per judi- cium custodian! Episcopatuum vacancium in Hibernia tenendam sicut Episcopatuum in Anglia"". But within a century and a half circum- stances were altered, for this very see of Dromore came to be dealt with as " inter Hibernicos," or, in other words, where English law was set at nought, and the Primate styled himself " custos spirituali- tatis et spirituaUs jurisdictionis ac temporalitatis episcopatus Dromo- rensis," exercising, it would seem, these plenary rights, not only in the collation to vacant benefices but in the enjoyment of the episcopal revenue''.

XV will show, it was otherwise. In Raphoe also the Primate exercised the two-fold custody. The like guardianship was ex- ercised by Primate Bole during a vacancy of Kdmore in But the guardianship of the spiritualities was a privilege more in accordance Avith the episcopal office, although even in this there was not a uniformity of practice. By the Canon Law the spiritualities devolve, during vacancy, upon the Dean and Chapter, as is inferred from such passages as " Clerici ipsi sede vacante cum consilio si oportuerit vicinorum episcoporum"'', and where it is otherwise, pre- scription is the authority, as in the case of England and Ireland.

Canon, At this time Donald was dean of Raphoe, cols. Godolphin, Laurence archdeacon, Laurence canon, Repert. The "jus devolutionis," whereby the metropo- litan had the right to exercise the spiritualities during the absence or neglect of the suffragan, bore some resemblance to this guardian- ship, save that it was established by a decree of the third Lateran Council, while the latter rested on the authority of prescription.

The Provincial Constitutions of Primate Colton are to be found at the commencement of the third book of Swayne's Registry''. Two folios are torn away, and the title is supplied by a later hand, " Synodus Provincialis a Johanne Colton archiepiscopo Ardmach habita. Declaramus iusuper, quod si ipsi mulieri aut alii ea occasione aut mente aliquid detur vel promittatur directe vel indirecte, quod dans ' De Capitulo, P.

XVll dans et ipsam tenens et recipiens incidit in statutum, scilicet, in sen- teutiam excommunicationis raajoris''. Si quis autem seminator discordire inter pra;dictos Anglicos et Hibernicos ut pras- dicitur fuerit, quod absit, non solum a poutificalibus sit suspensus, sed ipse quisque fuerit excommunicetur ipso facto.

Synonyms and antonyms of cruciferario in the Spanish dictionary of synonyms

Bruodinus, Corolla Eco- ubividens periculum, intravit quandam demise Minoriticse, p. Patrick's festival is the 17th of ab uno ex canibus in clunibus mordere- March; St. Bridget's the ist of February ; tur taliter, quod pars pellis simul cum and St. Columba's the 9th of June. Finally, every bishop in the province was to provide himself, under a penalty of i oo shillings, with a copy of these Constitutions.

It remains now to describe the original record from which the fol- lowing Visitation has been printed. It is a vellum roll, consisting of four membranes, having a schedule attached at the end. The length of the roll is six feet two inches and a half, and the breadth thirteen inches. It contains lines, each line ten inches and a half long, and is only written upon one side. The schedule is nineteen inches and a half long, and seven inches and three-fourths wide, containing ninety-three lines.

It is written partly in dorso, and is marked " Ren- tale dioc Dereu. With a Eental of y'' Bp of Derry's Lands at that time. Its text has been faith- fully represented in the following pages, even as regards the gram- matical inaccuracies which the careful reader will not fail to observe. It generally uses the letter e instead of the diphthong a?

Fechin of Fore was commemorated the county of Louth. His festival was on the 20th of. Both these saints SS. From him Termonfeckin, died of the Buidhe Connaill in The near Drogheda, derived its name. Ro- Archbishops of Armagli had manorial re- nan, son of Berach, was the patron saint sidences, and spent much of their time for- of Drum-Inesclann, now Dromiskin, in merly in these two places. XX punctuation the Editor is entirely responsible, there being none in the exemplar, as indeed there is not in legal instruments of that, or even a later date.

This roll is preserved in the Record Room of the See of Armagh, to which access can only be had by a written order from the Lord Primate. In the Registry Office, however, there is a very good transcript, of thirty-six pages folio, written in the fine bold hand in which the fair copies of Swayne's, Prene's, and Cromer's registers are made. Some inaccuracies and omissions which occur in it are corrected in the present work.

For the permission to publish this interesting record, as well as for the means which were afforded him of consulting the original, the Editor is bound to return his most grateful acknowledgments to His Grace the Lord Primate. In the compilation of the notes he is under many obligations to Professor O'Donovan and Mr.

Curry, to the for- mer of whom, through the kindness of Mr. George Smith, he is in- debted for a privilege not yet extended to the public, namely, the acquaintance with his translation of the early part of the Annals of the Four Masters, a work which there is good reason to predict will presently become the text book of every dihgent labourer in Irish history, as well as his safest guide in the misty region of antiqua- rian reseai'ch. See the account of him in the Introduction. Of this distinction there are examples in the present record.

For fuller information the reader is referred to the Appendix. But as wants 3 to make it a multiple of 15, the Christian era is reckoned as falling on the fourth Indiction in a retrograde calculation. Hence 3 must be added to any given year of our Lord to make the number a measure of the In- dictions. Or, the Indiction may be found by sub- tracting from the given number all the 's it contains, and from the remainder all its 15's, to the remainder of this adding 3 for the number sought.

According to these rules, and the "Table Chronologique" p. Nicholas' Chronology of History p. But it is to be remembered that there were four kinds of Indictions, beginning at difierent periods of the year, and that while the Eonian began on the 25th of December or ist of January, the Caesa- rean, which was most generally used in England, dated from the 24th of Septem- ber, thus anticipating the other by three months; so that this Visitation, which was held in October, was in the 5 th of the Eoman, but the 6th of the Anglican com- putation.

In reference to the joint use of these chronological measures, the accurate Mr. Idem venerabilis Pater, de quadam villa Termons vulgariter nuncupata diocesis Ardmach versus Derensem dioceseni proficiscens, quosdam montes de Glewgavyii'' vulgariter nuncupatos cum comitiva sua pp. Pope from November 9, , to October i, The archbishops have, from a very remote period, been seised of an extensive manor here, the hereditary te- nants of which have given to the parish its present name.

In the Inquisition sped at Dungannon in , it was found that the Archbishop enjoyed a yearly rent of 34'. Another Inquisition, Dungannon, , finds the territory of Termon Mac Gwyrck al' Termonconnyn consisting of eighteen balliboes, subdivided into sixty-five par- cells or subdenominations the names of all which are recited to be held under the see of Armagh. Some of them are also men- tioned in the Patent of the see-possessions granted by James I.

The manor of Tonnen still comprises the " Eighteen Towns," as they are called, of which the Archbishop is lord. The ce- metery and remains of the old church are in the townland Carrickmore at the little hamlet of Termon Rock Ord. The progress of the Arch- bishop was in a north-westerly direction, and a line drawn on the Ordnance Map from Termon Rock, which is at the east edge of sheet 36, to the old church of Cappagh, which is marked at the west side of sheet 26, almost passes through a town- land of Cappagh that is situated on the southern face of the mountain, and pre- serves the name given in the record.

Jleann sciiiian signifies ' the Glen of the Ba sua pertransiens, venit ad quendam campum prope quandam eccle- siam vocatam Keppagh', Derensis diocesis ut dicebatur, et ibi recre- ationem sumens cum suis, quendam ipsius ecclesie vicarium et eo herenacum'', per eundem dominum Primatem de lierenacia ejus- dem calf,' and the latter word makes jamna in the genitive, so that the more gram- matical form would be gleann gaiiina, which is precisely the name borne in the form Glengawna.

It is in the very middle of the sheet, for the figure 26 on the Index Map covers part of it.

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At the east side it rises to the elevation of 17 10 feet, and extends on that map from the last letter in the name " Half-way Bush" eastwards to where the little stream which runs towards it takes its rise. In the Ulster Inquisitions the mountain is called Tullanagawnagh. The cemetery and site of the old church are in the townland Dunmullan — O. The modern parish church is to the south in Mountjoy Forest. The name in Irish is Ceapac, which signi- fies ' a plot of land laid out for tillage. Dpong t 0 na nian6ai5 00 cup DO poiiiaip ceapca ina gcuip- pi6e an beagan pil bo bf aca. It is still a living word in Connaught.

As a townland name it occurs, simply or in composition, in many counties of Ireland, especially in the King's County, Clare, and Kerry.

Translation of «cruciferario» into 25 languages

It is found again at ; but the Annals of Ulster in the parallel passage Ann. Of the nature of the office Colgan gives the following ac- count: The jury of the inquisition of Dungannon, in , give a like explanation, but in a fuller form: And the said jurors doe uppon their oathes, finde and present, that the erenagh land was att first given by the temporall lords immediatlie to the first founders of the churches; and that those founders did give the same to severall septs, for payinge rents and other dueties to the bushopjjs and for repairinge and mayn- tenyninge their parishe church, wherein they often tymes did beare a third parte, and some tymes twoe third parts of the chardge, and for keepinge of hospitalitie ; and that these septs or erenaghs have, tyme out of mynde, inherited the said lands accordinge to the Irish custome of tanistrie, and that neither the said lord archbushopp nor any other bushopp, nor their predecessors, could att any tyme here- tofore, or nowe can, remove the said he- renaghs out of the said lands: See also Davis' Letter ne ille locus in quo ipse Primas tunc sedit fuerat in diocese De- rensi situs: Corba ; O'Conor, Rer.

This distinction assumed, in the iv. Qua quidem protestatione sic emissa idem domiuus Archiepiscopus et Primas requisivit me Notarium infrascriptum ut super protesta- tione predicta, et super omnibus et singulis que circa exercitium jurisdictionis episcopalis in diocese Derensi predicta ratione custodie antedicte per eura fieri contingeret, pubUcum conficerem instrumen- tum seu publica instrumenta. Deinde idem dominus Arcliiepiscopus mandavit prefato vicario et lierenaco de Keppagh" ut pro eo quod villa de Keppagh non fuerat sufRcienter edificata ad recipiendum seu inhospitandum dictum dominum Primatem et suam comitivam cum evectionibus eorundem, et ideo dictus domiuus Primas, villa ilia dimissa, ' Herenaco de Keppagh.

Tewna- yerely to the lord bushopp of Derry for more. Golan, Kangarrowe, Sessioghtemple, the tyme beinge, yerely, six shillings and Dunbrin. Qui quidem vicarius et herenacus, mandato dicti domini Primatis obtemperaus, ad prefa- tam ecclesiam de Keppagh rediens, cito post ipsum dominum Ar- chiepiscopum sequebatur, et unum martum" pinguem ad opus et cenam " Martiim. It is a Latin form of the Irish word mcipn ' a beef Thus we find it in the Book of Rights, a very ancient authority, where it frequently occurs, and, at pp.

There was also a Murrough-na-Mart O'Fla- herty. The word is still in common use in Ireland, and maipc- peoil is employed to denote the flesh. That the said Fergonanim shall deliver to the King, his justice or deputy, before the next feast of the apostles Philip and James, good cows or marts. The word is also to be met with in the Acts of Parliament of Scotland, temp.

Jamieson, who defines Mart " A cow or o. Diet, of the Scottish Lang. The same author subsequently observes: Skinner supposes it to be a contraction of market, and cites: From Brande we learn that the word still prevails in the north of England: Du Cange gives it in his Glossary, but only in the sense of market, citing the Acts of Scotland, where it is iised for a beef; but mm-t contracted from market has no connexion with mart a beef, the former being derived from mercatus, and the latter from a common root with mors, mortis, and its derivatives.

This was expressed to the bishop of Derry by Dermot O'Cane, one of the Corbes of his diocese, in the following words: Nam quse- cunque nos habemus domini sunt, et nos etiam ipsi illius sumus. The founder of the church was St. Eoghan or Eugenius, a bishop who flourished about the middle lO enacis ville predicte, eis mandavit ut de necessariis hominum et equorum, necnon de sufficienti vigilia pro corpore, bonis, et rebus ipsius of the sixth century, and whose festival was observed on the 23rd of August.

The abbots of this church were occa- sionally of the episcopal order, and one of them is styled by the Four Masters Cotii- apbaeppcoipGogain apDa-ppaca, 'suc- cessor of bishop Eoghan of Ard-sratha. Archbi- shop Ussher relates, from the registry of Clogher, that this church, with others of Opheathrach [Ui piacpac], was wrested from the see of Clogher, and annexed by German OChearbalan to his see of Derry Antiqq. This took place about the year The family of Ua Forannain were the herenachs of this church in the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth centuries; and it would seem that it retained its impor- tance at the last of these dates, for the Four Masters record, at the year 11 79, the death of Gilladowny OForannan, erenagh of Ardstraw ; and Mulmurry Mac Gillacolum, seachnab [prior] of it.

As a consequence of its ecclesiastical importance, the termon land of the church was very extensive, containing sixteen balliboes, whereas the average of other churches was only four. Their names, as recited in the charter of the see, were: It was found in the inquisition taken at Dungannon in , that the bishop of Derry received " out of the ere- nagh land of Ardsragh, conteyninge fif- teene balliboes and two sessiaghs whereof the herenaghes had a balliboe free , forty shillings per ann. Qui, ejus mandatis obedienter annuentes, panem, butyrum, lac, et carnes, foca- lia, stramina atque blada pro equis, umanque'' domui ubi liooiines et equi dicti domini Arcbiepiscopi inhospitati fuerunt, juxta numerum hominum et equorum in domibus ipsis inbospitatorum, communibus sumptibus herenacorum et incolarum ipsius ville, apportari et minis- trari fecerunt ; et vigiHas' bominum per diversas partes ville predicte, et said parson, viccar, and lierenagh of that place, and that in this parishe is one ses- siagh of glebe, belonging to the said vic- car thereof.

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Chellclimn clnlle mopi ; h. Shlimpn o Cliinl o pUiciipci ; li. Comb bepin po peciiprap comopba pfraip cip 1 tjliget Gpenn ppi Sa;: Conit he pin cepc ocup tjliget Ifnaic Sa;cain C pop goCoelaib nibui, ap ba co comopba pecaip cupoim cfsfo cip ocup t li5ft Gpenn copni. These were they who stole the horses and the mules and the asses of the Cardinal [Vivianus] who came from Rome to the land of Erin [in the year 1 , and again in ], to instruct it, in the time of Domhnall Mor OBrieu, king of Munster [who assumed that sovereignty in , and died in ].

And it was on that account the successor of Peter sold the rent and tribute of Erin to the Saxons. Testibus in actis hujus diei magistro Mauricio Ocorry', Decano Ardraachano ; fratre Nicholao Olucheran", abbate monasterii aposto- lorum Petri et Pauli Ardmachani ; magistro Thoma Olucheran', canonico Ardmachano ; dominis Roberto Notyngham"", cruciferario" Archiepiscopi against Roger OKathan, captain of his nation, of his having seized the rents and profits of his church of Tamlat, which be- longed to the see: Thus the name is written in the Irish Journal of 1 64 1 -7, where mention is made of the Olann Laoccpen, and one of the family is spoken of as being buried at Donaghmore; also three friars of the name at Brentur, now Brantry, in the parish of Aghaloo at the south of the county of Tyrone Ord.

We find them settled in this neighbourhood, in the registries. The name is still common in Tyrone and the neighbouring counties in the form Loughran. It is to be distin- guished from OLaccnan. See Archdeacon Cotton's Fasti, vol. Patrick, Dublin Ma- son's Hist. Notes ; in , Hugh, and ' Robert de Notyngham Cal. Patrick's, Dublin Mason, p. Neither Du Cange nor his supplementalists give the present word: The cambucarius was the bearer of the episcopal staff.

See Spelman, Gloss, in voc. Mary of Carlingford in , Reg. The termination of the name seems to have undergone a slight change. In Ro- ger Waspail was appointed seneschal of Ulster and custos of the castles of Crag- fergus and Rath. In 1 22 1 he was one of the barons to whom Henry III. Westpalstowu, a townland in tlie county of Dublin, derives its name from this family. Firdia was a Connaught hero who was slain here by the celebrated warrior Cuchullin, a short time before the Chris- tian era. From the similarity of soiind the Eng- lish settlers turned the Atlnrdee into Atrium Dei, there being no further con- nexion whatsoever between the names.

In the Latin form it gave the title to a rural deanery in the diocese of Armagh, and is always so called iu the ancient registers of the see. A Carmelite Friary was founded here towards the close of the thirteenth century; but the religious house men- tioned above was the hospital for Crouched Friars or Cross-bearers following the rule of St. Augustin, which was founded in 1 by Roger de Pippard Monast. From him have sprung those several families which, at various jieriods, have been ennobled by the titles of Ormonde, Carrick, Glengall, Mountgarrett, and Dunboyne, in the Irish peerage.

The race has at all times afford- ed illustrious names both in ecclesiastical and civil stations, and to the Dunboyne branch Irish Archsology is indebted for the valuable contributions of the Very Eeverend Richard Butler, the present learned Dean of Clonmacnoise and Vicar of Trim. Anno, indictione, et pontificatu predictis, die nono mensis Oc- tobris predicti, prefatus dominus Archiepiscopus, ad diligentem rogatum dominura Laurencii ObogylP vicarii ecclesie, herenaconim, et this country in the reign of Henry II.

The chief seats were Malahideand Belgard. The Talbots were also settled near Car- rickfergus and in Down at an early date, and they gave name to the parish of Tal- botstown, now Ballyhalbert, in the ba- rony of Ards. The barony of Talbotstown in the county of Wicklow also owes its name to this I'amily. Sometimes it ap- peared in the Norman form of Le Blund or Blunt. In we find a Eichard White chaplain of the chapel of St.

Ste- phen beside Athboy. In John White, LL. Another form was Ulf: Patrick's, Dublin, in The family settled in Ulidia under Sir John de Courcy, and soon arrived at im- portance in the present county of Antrim. In Robert Sandale was superseded as sherifi"of the county of Antrum Cal. The family of O'Boyle derive their name from Baoighell [pronounced Boijle], grandson of Muircertach, the com- mon ancestor of them and the O'Donnells, who was ninth in descent from Niall of i6 et parochianorum de Ardstraha, ante cimiterium ipsius ecclesie con- stitutus, ipsum cimiterium sanguinis eiFusione, ut dicebatur, pollutum reconciliare volens', cartas orationes reverenter perlegit et dixit ; deinde ecclesiam ingrediens, dicta letania, sal, cineres, aquam, et vinum benedixit, et per ipsum cimiterium, prout in libro Pontificali"" continetur, aspersit.

Reconciliatione quoque peracta, adductis certis caballis per lierenacos ville predicte ad numerum vii. The barony of Boylagh, in the S. A sept of them held the herenagh land of Marfaugh in the pa- rish of Clondehorky. The social condition of the Irish, and the mi- litary purposes to which churches were occasionally devoted, were likely to render the recurrence of such a service very fre- quent. The subject will be treated of in the Appendix at greater length, where the reader will also find an account of the office employed by the bishop on the oc- casion of a reconciliatio. There was another compilation which bore the same title, of which Mr.

The Irish word e inai6e prima- rily means ' a prayer,' and secondarily ' an oratory,' as Trpoaevxri in Greek signifies both the devotion and the place of it. It seems to be of a common origin with the Latin Ore. In the dictionaries of O'Brien and O'Eeilly it is spelled opnaige and upnaige, in the latter of which forms it is found in the New Testament as the com- mon word for ' prayer. Urney is found in Cavan as the name of a parish, and of a townland in the parish of Kil- more. Colgan states that a St.

Brigid, a disciple of St. Bairre of Cork, was the pa- tron of an Ernaidhein Munster. Fechin of Fore founded the church of Ernaidhe in Luighne, in Sligo. The letter F is prefixed to the name eight times in the present record, as also in the Taxation of 1 , where it presents a curious corruption of the original ortho- graphy in the form Froundy. The habit of prefixing this letter prevailed a good deal among the Irish, but especially, as O'Donovan observes, in the south.

The following proper names are examples: Fahan is written Ochain in Four Mas- tersto ; pcicciin at i loi, 1 , The Nore is sometimes written n-6oip, sometimes peoip. The same name is called Ora? So in the appellatives: D r8 ballis taliter oneratis, processit, et illuc adveniens, Donatus Okerbulau'' rector, herenaci, et incole ville predicte de Furny, coram dicto do- mino Primate vocati, ad ipsius mandatum de victualibus hominum et equorum, atque de vigilia, sicut de nocte precedeute supradictum est, in omnibus et per omnia gratis, sine solutione omnimoda, ordina- runt et etiam ministrarunt.

Testibus in actis liujus diei magistro Mauricio et aliis suprascriptis. Anno, indictione, et pontificatu predictis, die vero decimo mensis Octobris predicti, idem venerabilis Pater de mane consurgens, audita missa, adductis sibi per herenacos ville predicte de Furny caballis pro victualibus et carriagio ipsius Patris portandis, ad numerum vii. Fourteen of the modern townlands are held under the see, of which Urney, Inchenny, Clody, and Carrickone, are the only ones which have Irish names. Further on we find Philip OKarbulan rector of Clonleigh, so that we may fix the habitat of the clan near the junction of the Finn and Mourne.

We find a Peter OKervallan chancellor of Armagh in 1 It was sometimes called Maghery- nelec, and sometimes Kylpatrick. The ruins of the old church are in the town- land of same name, a little N. Patrick, but neither belongs to this neighbourhood, as the one was in the region called Glinne ii. The see lands are Leek Upper and Lower. There is a pa- rish Leek in Donegal, but this was an- ciently Leckovennan. It is feet long, and forty broad. Cathmaoil, from whom the family took the name, was eighth in descent from Feradhach, the founder of the tribe, who was grandson of Eoghan, the parent of the CinelEoghain — MacFirbis, Gen.

The following pre- ferments held by persons of the name in the sees of Clogher, Armagh, and Derry will illustrate the influence and diffusion of the family: I , Arthur M'Cathmaill, arch- deacon of Clogher, made bishop. Odo M'Kathmayll, rector of Drumrath, canon of Derry. Patrick M'Kathmayll, per- petual vicar of Tomlaghfynlygan. Bernard M'Kathmayll, here- uagh of the church of Aregul Dacerog.

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