Buckets of Wisdom: Observations about life, animals, the weather, time travel, and other things

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These are some terrific new to me sayings. I'll be adding them to my next list! I really like your article! I'm from the south.. Here are some more sayings I heard growing up and still hear today. I've known him all his life. Thanks for a few new ones, Glenn. I like the one about trying to put frogs in a wheelbarrow! Can't stop ya from doing it but I'll break ya of the habit; implies you better quit while you are ahead. MarkSiebert - I'm so glad that Google brought you here. Hope you enjoyed my article, and thanks for adding your saying. Actualy it was whilst searchin' fer it that I come across this here site.

Thanks, Google fer helpin' the author share! Ruth Ann, Thanks for the laugh! I need to remember that one as there are so many times it would be appropriate! I haven't read one of my favorites from my Texan mom. She said, "You need to pull your head out before you sit down and break your neck. A haint is a ghost. Most old southern homes look haunted or are haunted and traditionally have a blue porches.

That color is called 'haint blue'. I am GA born and raised and now raising my own here still. This was one of the funniest blogs I've ever read! I really enjoyed this article. My folks are from AL and TN. I grew up with these expressions and use some of them myself. Believers in voodoo keep spirits away by painting the house haint blue, a color sort of like electric blue. And "Those pants were so tight I could see her religion," only makes sense if you say it about a man, religion traditionally being associated with circumcision in earlier times.

My friend Kenny had a load of sayings from up in the mountains, like "easier than pullin a greased string through a goose. This brought plenty of smiles and even a laugh or two! Thanks for the fun article! Mamaw Grandmother Jordan used to say, "He's knocking lost john. Way down yonder in New Orleans, we say catty-cornered to mean diagonally across from a point. Never heard of any kind of wumpus. There is a difference. But being a big port, we get people from all over. So our southernisms may be tainted.

I've heard dumb as a bag of hammers, but have no idea where it came from. I use it all the time because the visual in my mind is hilarious. Version I heard is "rode hard and hung up wet," not to mean "ugly," but to mean beat up and worn out. Usually refers to cars and people. Though it is correct English word, based on middle English stave, meaning something about a boat repair, I also never heard, I'm stoved up, as meaning I'm too worn out, sore and beat up from overdoing something, I've gotta rest.

I did hear from someone who grew up in Lafayette with Jackson, Miss. Then he said, real coolly, "You liked that, didn't ya. And if it was never an expression, "You can't fix stupid," should be. Ron White is great. My Mother use to say to my sister and me when it was time to go to bed, "It is time to get ready to go to "Miss White's Party".

In other words, it is time to go to bed and get between the white sheets. A 'haint' is a ghost.

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If you had read 'To Kill A mockingbird' in high school like we have to down here, you woulda known that! My momma also would say, when threatening to tan my hide, 'You'll be eatin' off the mantle for a week! I am so blessed to have lived in the South all my life, so I knew just about all of those sayings! She'd talk water uphill. I've eat so much chicken I'm fartin' feathers.

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  4. It's fixin' to come a toad-strangler. Might as well stay--it's too wet to plow. Sloppy as watermelon juice in a bellybutton. He ain't got backin' up sense. Christ in a sidecar She's so skinny she'd have to straddle the drain to keep from being sucked clean through. His butter's done gone and slipped off his biscuit. I could sop her UP with a biscuit. I could eat you with a spoon and not miss a drop. If I am there'll be a star in the far east. He could put his shoes under my bed any day of the week and twice on Sunday. You're givin' me a case of the red ass.

    I'm so skeerd my ass is makin' buttonholes. Sew him up in the bed sheet and beat him with a broom. Drunker 'n Cootie Brown. Meaner 'n a snake. Ugly as a mud fence. Lord love a duck. Let's put on the dawg! Criteria for "larapin" according to my MIL is that it must contain at least 2 of 3 ingredients: Full as a fat tick on a fat dawg. Thanks, Nathan, for your very cute comments! I'm so happy that my article made you feel finer than a frog's hair split four ways! Well, butter my biscuit, you did a good job. I use some of these with my girlfriend who is from Chicago and it makes her madder than a midget with a yo-yo.

    Sometimes I think she couldn't find her way out of a paper bag. This article makes me feel finer than frog hairs split four ways. Another one you missed when someone asks you if you like something, and you reply with, "Is a bullfrog water-proof? See of remaining comments. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.

    HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. To provide a better website experience, wanderwisdom. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so. For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: Translating Southern Sayings As a transplanted Yankee living in the South, I am often surprised and amazed by the colorful Southern expressions I hear. He's cold-hearted and cruel.

    When a Southerner Gets Angry: He's got a burr in his saddle. His knickers are in a knot. She's pitching a hissy fit. She's pitching a hissy fit with a tail on it. He has a duck fit. One step above a hissy fit. She has a dying duck fit. Southern Sayings About Bad Character: You're lower than a snake's belly in a wagon rut. He's a snake in the grass. Why, that egg-suckin' dawg!

    When Southerners Are Busy: I been running all over hell's half acre. She's busier than a cat covering crap on a marble floor. I'm as busy as a one-legged cat in a sandbox. Busier than a moth in a mitten! Southern Sayings About Conceit and Vanity: She's so stuck up, she'd drown in a rainstorm. She has her nose so high in the air she could drown in a rainstorm. He thinks the sun comes up just to hear him crow. Most of these comments are made about women. Apparently, Southern men are not stuck up. Southern Expressions About Being Cheap: He squeezes a quarter so tight the eagle screams.

    Too poor to paint, too proud to whitewash. I'm as poor as a church mouse. I'm so poor I can't afford to pay attention. He was so poor, he had a tumbleweed as a pet. He doesn't have a pot to piss in or a window to throw it out of. Those pants were so tight I could see her religion. You're gonna have old and new-monia dressed like that!

    Lawd, people will be able to see to Christmas! Law, pull that down! We kin see clear to the promised land! Southerners Experiencing a Drought Might Say: It's so dry the trees are bribing the dogs. I swan, you all musta pissed God off somehow. I don't know what a popcorn fart is! In the South, They Might Say: He doesn't know whether to check his ass or scratch his watch. He couldn't find his ass with both hands in his back pockets.

    He's about as confused as a fart in a fan factory. She's lost as last year's Easter egg. As we Yankees say, "These people don't know which way is up. He's as happy as if he had good sense. Happier than ol' Blue layin' on the porch chewin' on a big ol' catfish head. Happy as a dead pig in the sunshine. Grinnin' like a possum eatin' a sweet tater. Well that just dills my pickle. Won't hit a lick at a snake.

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    He's about as useful as a steering wheel on a mule. A very large bra. She gets my goose. He just makes my ass itch! Yankees are like hemorrhoids: Pain in the butt when they come down and always a relief when they go back up. That would make a bishop mad enough to kick in stained glass windows. She could make a preacher cuss!

    She could piss off the pope. If you don't stop that crying, I'll give you something to cry about!

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    She could start an argument in an empty house. That makes about as much sense as tits on a bull. Quit goin' around your ass to get to your elbow. Colorful Southern Expressions About Liars: Don't piss on my leg and tell me it's rainin'! Don't pee down my back and tell me it's raining. That dog won't hunt. You're lyin' like a no-legged dog! If his lips's movin', he's lyin'. That man is talking with his tongue out of his shoe.

    He's as windy as a sack full of farts. If that boy had an idea, it would die of loneliness. The porch light's on, but no one's home. He's only got one oar in the water. If brains were leather, he wouldn't have enough to saddle a junebug. He's so dumb, he could throw himself on the ground and miss. He hasn't got the sense God gave a goose.

    When the Lord was handin' out brains, that fool thought God said trains , and he passed 'cause he don't like to travel. His brain rattles around like a BB in a boxcar. There's a tree stump in a Louisiana swamp with a higher IQ. So dumb he couldn't pour piss out of a boot with the instructions written on the heel. Now this one I've heard in New Jersey These are probably some of my very favorites! Well butter my butt and call me a biscuit. Well, slap my head and call me silly! He smelled bad enough to gag a maggot. Something smells bad enough to knock a dog off a gut wagon.

    Either somebody's in real trouble, or there's a fight brewing if you hear I'm gonna cut your tail! Towering cumulus - These begin as cumulus clouds but grow vigorously into rising mounds or towers. Their tops are well-defined and often resemble cauliflowers. The bases are flat and dark. These clouds may produce showers or flurries. Cumulonimbus - Meteorologists call these clouds CBs. They are thunderstorm clouds, which sometimes produce hail and tornadoes. These clouds can be huge. They are often more than 25 kilometres long and 12 kilometres high with temperatures at their tops as low as oC, even in the summer.

    If you look at this cloud from a distance, it has a well-defined, whitish, anvil-shaped top and a ragged and low bottom. When you look at this cloud from below, it has a dark base with curtains made of heavy rain. Ask your students to make a cloud. Then put a few ice cubes onto a baking dish and place that over the opening of the jar. Now watch what happens as the air inside of the jar rises and is cooled by the ice. The water vapour in the air condenses into water droplets making a cloud.

    Clouds with the prefix alto are middle-range clouds. Their bases usually range from 2 to 6 kilometres above the earth's surface. Altostratus - These are gray or blue-coloured sheets of clouds with little texture. They cover most of the sky. In some spots, altostratus clouds may be thin enough to reveal the sun. Altocumulus - These are white or sometimes gray clouds with rounded bottoms. The clouds may look as if they are arranged in rolls, rounded masses or thin layers.

    The individual rolls of cloud appear smaller than those in stratocumulus clouds because altocumulus clouds are farther away. Sometimes you can see the sky or the sun between the rolls but often these clouds cover the whole sky. Altocumulus lenticularis - These lens-shaped clouds form when a mountain range deflects strong winds upwards on the windward slopes and downward on the leeward slopes. This creates a giant wave or ripple several kilometres in length.

    Moist air enters the crests of the waves, cools as it rises and forms a cloud. When the air descends, it warms up and condensation stops. Groups of these clouds floating along in what appears to be formation may look like a fleet of flying saucers. Stages of a Thunderstorm: Fog and mist are thin layers of stratus cloud that form at ground-level. Like any cloud, fog is composed of millions of tiny droplets of water, or in cold weather, tiny floating ice crystals. The thickness of a fog depends on the concentration of the water droplets. Weather observers report fog if the visibility is less than 1 kilometre, and mist if the visibility is 1 to 10 kilometres.

    The Formation of Altocumulus Lenticularis Clouds: The clouds form at the top of the wave where the air cools and disappears at the bottom of the wave where the temperatures are slightly warmer. The bottoms of these clouds generally run from 5 to 12 kilometres above the ground. These clouds are composed mostly of ice crystals. Cirrus - These thin clouds may appear as wispy streaks or streamers high in the sky. Extensive cirrus clouds may be the first sign of an approaching warm front.

    Cirrocumulus - These are thin, white bands of clouds with tufted bottoms. These clouds often look like the ripples in the sand left by waves. Cirrostratus - This whitish cloud covers the sky in a transparent veil or sheet. The cloud is usually thin enough for the sun to shine through, often producing a halo.

    One other point about clouds, they move in the direction that the wind at their altitude is blowing. This is why clouds may travel in one direction while the wind at the surface is blowing in another. That also explains why 2 types of clouds which form at different heights, such as cirrus and cumulus clouds, may blow across the sky at one time but from different directions.

    Rain, snow, hail, and other forms of precipitation occur when water droplets or ice crystals grow until they are too heavy for the air currents in a cloud to support. This process is slightly different in stable and in unstable air, and produces different types of precipitation. To show your students how to make a rainbow, turn to Activity number The clouds that form in stable air are called stratiform clouds.

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    These include stratus and nimbostratus clouds. A stratus cloud is a shallow layer cloud which can range in depth from metres to 2 kilometres. In these clouds, the air circulates slowly, providing little opportunity for water droplets or ice crystals to collide, combine and grow. Consequently, the precipitation formed in these clouds is small and tends to fall as drizzle or light snow.

    A nimbostratus cloud is a deeper cloud than the stratus cloud. A nimbostratus cloud may form when a mountain range or air mass forces a parcel of air to rise. Such a parcel of air may have an area of hundreds of kilometres and may rise slowly, maybe at the rate of 1 to 10 centimetres a second. In these clouds, the air circulates with slightly more vigour than it does in stratus clouds.

    As nimbostratus clouds may extend upward for 8 to 9 kilometres, there is more opportunity for water droplets or ice crystals to collide and grow. This results in larger droplets than those formed in stratus clouds. Nimbostratus clouds are responsible for most of the steady rain and snow which falls in Canada. One million tiny water droplets are needed to form an average rain drop which is about 1 millimetre in diameter.

    A water droplet needs more than 30 minutes to grow to that size. The rain clouds must be at least 1 kilometre thick for the growing droplets to remain in the cloud long enough to become raindrops. The clouds that form in unstable air are called convective clouds after the convection currents created by the rising warm air and sinking cold air within them. These clouds include towering cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds.

    Unlike nimbostratus clouds, the updrafts and downdrafts in towering cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds travel tens of metres per second. The force of the updrafts and downdrafts bounces water droplets or ice crystals around many times giving them ample opportunity to collide, combine and grow. The strength of the updrafts and downdrafts also allows the water droplets or ice crystals to grow much larger than they do in a nimbostratus cloud before they become too heavy for the air currents to support them. The precipitation formed in these clouds usually falls in bursts or showers.

    Though short-lived, these bursts or showers may drop a lot of rain or snow in a short period of time. Ask your students to make a list of all the different sounds, they hear from weather, such as the sound of cars on wet pavement or rain on the roof. Using a tape recorder, ask your students to record a unique sound which they have discovered.

    When tape is complete, visit other classrooms and have those students guess what it is they hear. Precipitation comes in three forms, liquid, freezing and frozen - and in Canada, sometimes all in one day. More than 5 trillion tonnes of precipitation fall on this country each year. More than 60 per cent of this precipitation runs off into lakes and rivers. The rest evaporates from the earth's surface or passes back through the plants through the process known as transpiration. If your students are interested in making a rain gauge, try Activity number But water also recycles itself several times between the air and the ground.

    The water evaporates from soil, lakes, and rivers, rises into the air as water vapour, forms clouds, and then falls elsewhere as rain, drizzle, freezing rain, snow or hail. Drizzle - Precipitation is called drizzle when the water droplets are less than 0. Drops of drizzle fall at a rate of 1 to 2 metres per second while raindrops reach speeds of 4 to 9 metres per second.

    Rain - Precipitation is called rain when the water droplets are greater than 0. Some raindrops are as large as 10 millimetres across. To show your students the different sizes of rain drops, try Activity number Freezing drizzle and freezing rain - Freezing drizzle and freezing rain occur when there is a shallow layer of air at the earth's surface which is below freezing and a layer of air above it which is warmer and above freezing. Water droplets form in the warmer layer and fall into the colder air. The droplets cool as they fall and freeze when they hit objects such as fences or sidewalks with temperatures which are below zero.

    How Freezing Rain Forms: In the winter, there can be as many as 4 different types of precipitation when a warm front passes; Rain, Freezing Rain, Ice Pellats, Snow. The Ice Storm of lasted from Jan. Ice pellets - Ice pellets form under the same conditions as freezing rain and freezing drizzle. The water droplets form in the higher, warmer layer of air and fall into the lower layer of colder air.

    In this case, though, the cold layer is deep enough to give the water droplets time to freeze before they hit the ground. Hail - Hail forms only in cumulonimbus clouds when the strong updrafts carry water droplets high into the upper reaches of the clouds where temperatures are below freezing. Here the water droplets freeze. Layers of ice are added when the updrafts throw more water droplets upward, which then collide with the frozen particles.

    This process continues until the ice particles become too heavy for the updrafts to support. Then the ice particles fall as hail. A hailstone of a few millimetres in diameter needs updrafts of more than kilometres per hour to support it. In Canada, hailstones range in size from 5 millimetres, or the size of a pea to millimetres or the size of a grapefruit.

    Snow - Snow is precipitation of white or translucent ice crystals which are clustered together to form snow flakes. The shapes and sizes of snow flakes depend on the temperature and the amount of water vapour in the cloud where the flake forms and in the air through which the flake falls. About 36 per cent of Canada's precipitation falls as snow, compared to the world average of 5 per cent.

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    The big, soggy flakes are conglomerations of hundreds of smaller snow flakes that have fallen through relatively mild air and stuck together. Some of these flakes have measured as much as 2 centimetres across. In contrast, dry snow tends to fall as small, single flakes that do not bind together as they fall through cold, dry air. A cubic metre of snow weights about kilograms. Ask your students to measure the size of the sidewalk leading into the school and calculate the weight of the snow which would have to be cleared following a snowfall of 15 centimetres.

    Severe weather is a fact of life in Canada. This country has a land area of 9,, square kilometres, making Canada the second largest country in the world after Russia. Not surprising then that Canada also has a wide variety of severe weather, everything from ice storms to tornadoes. Canadians may joke about the country's weather but severe weather is no joke. Bitter cold and winter storms, for example, kill more than people a year.

    This section describes both summer and winter severe weather as well as Environment Canada's severe weather warning program. Severe weather warnings alert people to hazardous weather which may be dangerous to lives or property. Thunderstorms are a dramatic, somewhat noisy, but typical part of summer. They develop when warm, moist, unstable air is forced to rise into the atmosphere. This happens for many reasons. For example, some thunderstorms develop along the boundaries or transition zones between warm and cold air masses when the colder, heavier air undercuts the warmer air and forces it to rise.

    Other thunderstorms pop up when cool lake breezes from large lakes such as the Great Lakes meet hot, humid air farther inland. When this happens, the cooler air undercuts the warmer air and bumps it up into the atmosphere. Still other thunderstorms form when land, which has warmed up over the course of the day, has heated the air above causing it to rise.

    Storms that form in this manner are called air mass thunderstorms. One variation of air mass thunderstorms is the type that forms early in the day on slopes which face east, such as those on the east side of the Rocky Mountains. The slope of the ground allows the sun's rays to strike the earth at almost right angles, focusing the heat energy on a smaller area. This extra heating kicks off thunderstorms that then drift eastward during the day, carried by the prevailing westerly winds. In all these instances when the warm air rises, it cools to its dew point temperature and the water vapour in the air condenses to form water droplets.

    But this does not stop the warm air from rising. It continues to push upward as long as it is warmer than the air around it, stopping only when it reaches air of the same temperature. The rising warm air or updrafts and sinking cooler air, the downdrafts, in developing cumulonimbus clouds bounce the water droplets around so hard they collide with others creating ever larger water droplets.

    Eventually, these water droplets become too heavy for even the strong updrafts to support and rain falls. The updrafts in a really good thunderstorm may exceed 1, metres per minute.

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    7. Ask you students to calculate what that is in kilometres per hour Answer: They could also work out how long it would take a newly formed water droplet to zip from one third of the way up to the top of a cumulonimbus cloud which is 12 kilometres high Answer: At the same time, the turbulence in the cumulonimbus clouds creates positively and negatively electrically-charged areas within the clouds. Scientists do not know why but generally speaking the positive charge develops in the cold upper reaches of a cloud and the negative charge develops in the lower portions of a cloud.

      This, in turn, induces positive charges in objects on the ground below. There is little truth to the saying that lightning never strikes the same place twice. Lightning strikes the CN Tower in Toronto about 70 times a year. Although air is a notoriously poor conductor of electricity, the electrical charge in the cloud above grows until it overcomes the air's resistance.

      Interestingly, even though lightning looks like one bolt hurtling towards earth, it is not.

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      Every thunderstorm produces lightning. Your best defence is to apply the rule:. If you can count fewer than 30 seconds between seeing the lightning flash and hearing the thunder, take shelter and remain there until 30 minutes after the last flash of lightning or rumble of thunder. Lightning usually occurs when the electrons holding a negative charge begin moving downward from the cloud to the earth in what is called a step leader.

      As they get closer to the earth, the negative force of the electrons attracts the positive charge from the earth. This flows upward in what is called a streamer. The same process occurs when lightning travels from one cloud to another. In fact, 9 out of 10 lightning strokes flash from cloud to cloud or within the same cloud.

      Lightning kills an average of 7 people and injures 60 to 70 people each year in Canada. Lightning is also responsible for 42 per cent of the country's forest fires. Thunder is a by-product of lightning. Thunder is the sound produced by the sudden and rapid expansion of the narrow channel of air heated by the lightning stroke. You see the lightning, then hear the thunder because the speed of light is about a million times faster than the speed of sound.

      You can work out how many kilometres away a thunderstorm is by counting the number seconds between the time you see the lightning and hear the thunder and dividing that by 3. For example, if you count 15 seconds between the lightning flash and the crack of thunder, then the storm is about 5 kilometres away. One other point about thunderstorms, they often change as they travel across the countryside. Lakes and the local terrain may affect the strength, movement and duration of storms. For example, if a thunderstorm passes over hills and ridges, it may grow stronger as it climbs up one side and weaker as it goes down the other.

      A thunderstorm may grow stronger if it moves over a long, stretch of flat land that has been baking in the sun all afternoon or weaker if it passes over a large body of cool water in the late spring. Ask your students to discuss the possible reasons why five times more men than women are struck by lightning. The most likely reason is that more men than women work outdoors.

      Only a small percentage of the thunderstorms that rumble across the countryside unleash enough energy to produce severe weather - high winds, heavy downpours, damaging hail or tornadoes. Hail forms when the updrafts carry water droplets into the colder reaches of a cumulonimbus cloud where they freeze.

      More layers of ice are added when updrafts hurl other water droplets up and they collide with the now frozen particles. This continues until the ice particles are too heavy for the updrafts to support and the ice particles fall to the ground as hail. Hail is one of the most destructive forms of severe weather in Canada. Hail stones destroy crops, kill farm animals and cause millions of dollars in damage.

      Fortunately, though, hail injures only a few Canadians each year. The heaviest documented hailstone in Canada fell at Cedoux in Saskatchewan. The hailstone weighed grams and measured millimetres across. Downbursts are another hazard of large thunderstorms. Downbursts are the downdrafts that usually accompany rain or hail.

      A microburst is a form of downburst that is less than four kilometres wide and often more intense. Microbursts have caused aircraft to crash and have capsized sailboats. Straight-line winds or plough winds are other terms used to describe strong downdrafts that can spread out ahead of thunderstorms. Derechos are more damaging and longer-lasting windstorms, often associated with large lines or clusters of thunderstorms. People often confuse downbursts with tornadoes, believing that only tornadoes can generate such damaging winds.

      Derechos pronounced day-RAY-cho comes from the Spanish word "straight ahead," while tornado comes from the Spanish word for "turn. Tornadoes occur most often in the hot, humid weather of a late spring or summer afternoon or evening. The thunderstorms that produce tornadoes frequently develop near warm or cold fronts, or other boundaries between warm and cold air masses. Tornadoes are violently rotating columns of air extending from the cloud base to the surface. The lowered air pressure in a tornado often results in the formation of a funnel-shaped cloud.

      Some tornadoes develop funnel clouds that never quite reach the ground. However, their full extent may be revealed by swirling dust and debris near the ground or a spray ring at the water surface. A tornado can range in width from 10 metres to 2 kilometres. For instance, the tornado that ploughed through Edmonton on July 31, , was as much as one kilometre wide. Tornadoes usually travel from the southwest, west or northwest and at the speed of the parent thunderstorm which typically ranges between 20 to 80 kilometres per hour.

      Tornadoes often travel in a relatively straight line but can change course quickly. On average, most tornadoes last less than 10 minutes and travel less than 10 kilometres. But that is just an average. The Edmonton tornado was long-lived and cut a swath through Alberta's capital nearly 40 kilometres long. The tornado that raced through Grand Valley in southern Ontario, on May 31, , travelled for kilometres before dissipating. To show your students a tornado, try Activity number This scale is an updated and more accurate version of the original Fujita scale developed by American scientist Tetsuya Ted Fujita, a pioneer in tornado research.

      Tornadoes reports have been verified in every province and in two territories. About 62 tornadoes are verified in Canada each year. Most are too weak to cause serious damage. Tornadoes most often occur in the afternoon or early evening from May to September, although they have happened at night or even in November. Play it safe if you see a funnel cloud, or if you hear that a tornado warning has been issued for your area. Most summer severe weather events, including damaging tornadoes, are spawned by a special type of thunderstorm known as a supercell.

      With supercells, multiple strong updrafts continue to feed the storm, allowing it to maintain its intensity for several hours. However some tornado look-alikes can form under less developed clouds, over water surfaces, or even under sunny skies. Normally harmless, dust devils are rotating updrafts or eddies that typically form on hot sunny days when strong surface heating causes the air adjacent to the ground to heat up as well. This localized pocket of hot air rises quickly in a small spinning column, and cooler air rushes in below to replace it. The resulting vortex is made visible by the dust it picks up.

      Dust devils seldom extend higher than metres, but those that do can flip objects like lawn furniture. As mentioned in the Thunderstorm section, every tornado was once a funnel cloud, but not every funnel cloud becomes a tornado. A spinning condensation funnel can form under large cumulus clouds or weak thunderstorms, but most lack the energy to reach the surface. They spin in mid-air without touching the ground and normally fizzle out soon after they form. Waterspouts form during periods of cool, unsettled weather from mid-July to late October over large bodies of water like Lake Winnipeg or the Great Lakes.

      A waterspout looks like a tornado, but is much smaller and weaker. A waterspout is a slender, graceful-looking rotating column of vapour and water extending from the base of a towering cumulus cloud to the water's surface. The diameter of a waterspout ranges from seven to 20 metres and its winds range from 40 to 80 kilometres per hour, which is strong enough to flip a boat.

      They pose no threat on land as they collapse as soon as they move onshore. Here's one more tip to add to the list. Just as your school has emergency exits to ensure that you have a safe way out of the area, you should pick out a safe refuge near your campsite in case you need to shelter from severe weather. Identifying your "emergency exit" ahead of time will help you react quickly when summer storms appear.

      Tropical cyclone is the name given to any low pressure system which is fueled by the heat released when moist air rises and condenses. A tropical cyclone that intensifies through the three stages described in this section will be called a hurricane if it forms over the Atlantic Ocean or a typhoon if it forms in the Northwest Pacific. The Atlantic hurricane season extends from June to November, with the peak between August and October, when the ocean surface is at its warmest.

      These ingredients don't always produce a hurricane, but a hurricane will never form without them. The initial disturbance called a Tropical Disturbance is just a large area of thunderstorms that persists for more than one day. If the disturbance becomes organized and the air pressure at its center decreases, strengthening winds begin to spiral and it's classified as a tropical cyclone. An alphabetical list of names is prepared well in advance for each hurricane season, using boys' and girls' names alternately. The list contains only 21 names-the letters Q, U, X, Y, and Z aren't used because few names begin with them.

      All types of tropical cyclones have the potential to inflict damage, depending on where they strike and the particular hazards associated with that system. Hurricanes begin to weaken and eventually dissipate when the ingredients that created them-particularly the warm ocean water-are no longer available. Hurricanes are classified by the strength of their winds using the Saffir-Simpson Scale. A Category 1 hurricane has the lowest winds speeds and a Category 5 the highest. No Category 3, 4 or 5 hurricane has made landfall in Canada in over a century.

      The hazards commonly associated with hurricanes include high winds, storm surges and flooding from intense rainfalls. More than half of the hurricanes that make landfall in the United States produce at least one tornado. This seldom happens in Canada. In general, most hurricane-related deaths are from storm surges.

      A storm surge is simply a swelling of water that is driven toward shore by strong winds. This surge of advancing water combines with the normal tide to create an enhanced storm surge that can increase the mean water level by five metres or more, causing serious flooding as it drives onto the shore. In Canada , however, most fatalities result from the flooding rainfalls. In an average year, of the dozens of tropical depressions that form, 10 will reach tropical storm status over the Atlantic Basin.

      Six of them will further develop to become hurricanes and, of these, two or three will be classified as intense hurricanes, reaching Category 3 or higher. Since , these averages have climbed to 15 tropical storms, eight hurricanes and four intense hurricanes. In an average year, eastern Canada is affected by four tropical cyclones of varying strength. Depending on the storm's path and size, its effects may be felt as far west as Quebec and Ontario or as far north as Nunavut. On the west coast, British Columbia is never affected directly by tropical cyclones.

      This storm devastated the entire northwestern coast of the U. Most of the destruction was a result of flooding from in excess of millimetres of rain in less than 24 hours. The Hurricane Season was one for the record books. The Atlantic Basin produced 28 named storms, compelling forecasters to use the Greek alphabet to identify storms once the annual list of names was depleted. A record four hurricanes were classified as Category 5 at some point-Emily, Katrina, Rita and Wilma-although none of them came onshore at that strength.

      Here are a few comparisons. The word blizzard was first used to describe a snow storm in the early nineteenth century in the United States. Today, meteorologists use the word to describe one of the worst of the winter's snow storms. Blizzards combine high winds, bitter cold and blowing snow.

      They are dangerous on several counts. First, the snow is often powdery and fine enough for you to breath into your lungs. Second, the combination of bitter cold and high winds can cause frost bite within seconds. And third, the blowing snow and high winds often reduce visibility to almost zero. Canadian literature abounds with true stories of pioneers, farmers, ranchers and explorers who froze to death only metres away from the shelter they could not see. In Canada, blizzards are most common in the southern Prairies, the Maritimes and the eastern Arctic. They are relatively rare in Ontario.

      Freezing rain is a significant winter hazard in Canada , but can also occur in late fall or early spring. Freezing rain glazes trees, hydro lines, roads and sidewalks with ice. Buildups of ice can bring down branches and trees as well as overhead power and telephone lines. This can disrupt power supplies and communications for days. Even a small accumulation of ice may pose a risk to both pedestrians and drivers. Never touch a power line that may have come down due to wind or ice buildup.

      It may still be "live" and you could be electrocuted. Ice Storm is a term used to identify particularly severe freezing rain events. The ice storm which hit parts of eastern Ontario , Quebec and New Brunswick from January 4 to 10, , was the worst in recent memory. The storm was directly or indirectly responsible for the deaths of 25 people. At its height, the storm left nearly three million people in Quebec and Ontario without electricity or heat. A week after the storm ended, nearly one million people were still without light or heat.

      Ask your students to write a story describing what it would be like to live in their homes for seven days in the winter without electricity, running water adn heat from the furnaces. Ask them what supplies they might want to keep on hand to help cope with such an event. In some respects that storm was typical of most freezing rain storms. For several days a low pressure area over the Texas panhandle pumped warm, moist air from the Gulf of Mexico into southern Ontario and Quebec.

      This air came in at about the level of low clouds, that is less than two kilometres above the earth's surface. At the same time, a large and stationary area of high pressure sat over Hudson Bay and pumped cold air into the St. Lawrence and Ottawa river valleys. As warm air is lighter than cold air, the warm, moist air from the south rose above the cold air and stayed there. This is the classic recipe for freezing rain - a layer of warm air hovering above a shallow layer of cold air. When rain drops began to fall from the clouds in the warm layer of air, they had to fall through the cold layer where temperatures hovered either at the freezing point or just below it.

      Here, the rain drops cooled to the freezing point or just below it, becoming what meteorologists call super-cooled. Consequently, when these very cold rain drops hit a colder object such as a hydro wire or the branch of a tree with a temperature of below freezing, they froze on contact forming a veneer of ice. Most ice storms last a few hours. Some continue for up to three days. The ice storm in January of went on for 6 long days. That was because a high pressure area near Bermuda, which is 1, kilometres off the coast of North Carolina, prevented the storms formed in the Gulf of Mexico from heading out to sea in the Atlantic Ocean.

      Instead the high-pressure area deflected the storms north along the western flank of the Appalachian Mountains in the eastern United States and right into eastern Canada. Frost-bite and hypothermia low body temperature occur when more heat is lost than your body can generate. Although this happens more rapidly on a windy winter day, don't be fooled - you need to guard against frostbite on any cold winter day.

      Only Environment Canada can issue weather alerts to keep the Canadian public advised of weather events that could affect their safety or property. These weather alerts fall into three categories:. The criteria for winter severe weather warnings differ across the country because the climate itself or what is considered "normal" also varies from place to place.

      These are the primary types of warnings issued by Environment Canada in the winter, although the threshold for issuing them may change across the country. In some regions, combinations of these phenomena will prompt Environment Canada to issue a broader Winter Storm Warning. Climate differences across the country cause additional types of warnings to be issued in some areas as well. Near large bodies of open water such as the Great Lakes , Snowsquall Warnings are often issued.

      In some places, blowing snow can reduce visibility enough to warrant a public warning. In main transportation corridors, a sudden drop in temperature from above freezing to below zero can turn a wet roadway into a sheet of ice, and a Flash Freeze Warning may be issued. Although the criteria for summer severe weather warnings may differ from region to region, Environment Canada issues four main types of summer warnings:.

      Some types of weather pose a threat year-round, and Environment Canada will issue appropriate warnings to alert the public of the risk. There are also specific warnings that can be issued when hurricanes or tropical storms threaten Canadian territory. Environment Canada uses a variety of delivery methods to ensure that everyone, no matter what technology is available to them, can access weather information.

      Environment Canada has its own radio network, broadcasting continuous weather information 24 hours a day. Known as Weatheradio, this network uses VHF frequencies so that specially equipped receivers will automatically activate when warnings are issued for your area. Millions of people visit Environment Canada's main weather Web site at Canadian Weather to look at radar imagery or to check the forecast for any of the hundreds of towns available on drop-down menus.

      The most popular source of weather information for Canadians is still their local media outlet - radio, television, or newspaper - and Environment Canada feeds weather information to them directly through wire services and a special Web site just for media. Listed below are the phenomena for which Environment Canada's meteorologists will issue special weather statements, watches or warnings.

      Break the list into 2 colums, one showing events that could occur in any part of Canada and the other showing events that are unique to a specific part of the country. Canadians are fascinated by the weather, and rightly so. Few countries in the world have such a diversity of weather - not only from season to season but also from place to place. Weather insinuates itself into almost every facet of Canadian life. It affects what you eat, what you wear, how you feel, and even what you do.

      Weather even provides a built-in excuse for what you do not do. Weather has also played the mother of invention to a host of products. But "Don't knock the weather," as the saying goes, "if it didn't change once in a while, 9 out of 10 people couldn't start a conversation. They can report them to the class or put them in a scrapbook or both.

      To help your students visualize the range of weather in your area from season to season, have them complete Activity number 14 - graphing exercise. Weather affects not only the type of clothes you wear but even what colour they are. There is more to the saying, "Never wear white before Victoria Day or after Labour Day" than just concern for style. It is old fashioned sense. Light colours reflect more of the sun's energy than dark colours do and consequently are cooler to wear on a hot sunny summer's day.

      Conversely, the fashion favourite, black, absorbs much of the sun's energy and keeps you warm on a cool but sunny day. On cold days, you have probably been told to wear several layers of clothing to keep warm. That is because the air trapped between the layers acts as an insulator and slows down the loss of heat from your body.

      To show your students the range of weather within your province or territory, have them do some mapping of your region using the blank maps. They could start by locating and labeling the features and communities shown in the table. On a second map, have them plot the temperature that day at each of those communities. This information can be found by visiting Canadian Weather and selecting your province or territory. Weather affects what you do too, beginning for some with the decision of whether to walk or ride to school. In bygone days people always wanted to talk about the weather, because in those distant days, there were no radios, papers or TVs or technology.

      Funny Southern Sayings, Expressions, and Slang

      The people in the mountains, such as Bluestack Mountains where I have delivered the post for many many years, especially the old people, love to share their stories about their survival and the weather. The first thing in the morning people in rural parts of Ireland would talk about is the weather. This is because the weather was part of their daily activities, such as farming, fishing and also sports.

      Of course farmers needed a weather outlook the most of all. If they got a very bad winter and then spring they risked a bad crop and their survival depended on it. But not only theirs. If the farmers failed, people of Ireland would have to spend more on imports to survive. So it was important that rural people had a system of reading the coming weather. As I travel through these mountains now, passing old ruins and wall steads it gives me lots of sadness — I have memories of these people who have since passed to their resting place. A lot of their wisdom has passed with them but many people in Ireland are turning today back to the old ways.

      I did try to f ind out as much as I could from these people. But also I have gathered my own knowledge along the way. As a postman I knew straight away what the weather was going to be like for that day. But more seriously it took years of observing and keeping track of what happened in nature to read what the weather was going to be like after that. Such a change in animal behaviour and habits takes generations to happen. Climate changes in cycles of hundreds of years because of volcanos or sun activity for example.

      We may have another stretch of severe winters and hot summers or quite opposite. Of course animals and plants will adapt over time to change in the climate but not on a year-to-year basis. Surely some signs may disappear and some new may appear but this is all part of the nature as I see it. As the changes come, my forecasts will adjust because we are a part of the same cycle of nature. So let me share with you some things I have learned about how animals can predict the weather for us.