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However, based on projected fossil fuel use he feels that large quantities of CO 2 in the atmosphere by are unavoidable, and we should focus on adaptation rather than prevention. Renewable energy is very far from being a realistic replacement for fossil fuels. There are two large numbers relevant to global energy use: The word "fusion" did not appear in the talk. A number of questioners brought it up and Koonin stated that it was at least 50 years away from replacing fossil fuels.

Currently solar is much more expensive than almost all other sources of energy, but this is a materials problem and can potentially be solved. The talk will eventually appear here as a webcast. I've been increasingly interested in energy issues lately and I found it to be a fascinating look at how the oil companies or at least one of them look at these things.

Goodstein is clearly more pessimistic. First, a follow-up link to the quantum interrogation post: Sean at Cosmic Variance explains the experiment in layman's terms. I'm guessing he wrote this post immediately after reading Cute Overload. Anyway, it's now time to review the album I've been playing incessantly the last three weeks. No, not Loveless , the other one. I am hardly an unbiased source on this band, so when I say that the album is awesome you will probably not be surprised. In general it has a somewhat different sound from their previous work. There's still the sunny mood that ran through most of Dear Catastrophe Waitress in fact the word "sun" appears in two of the song titles , but without the orchestral feel that characterized the earlier LP's production.

From a production perspective, it sounds fairly novel for this band. I'm not sure how I would descibe this new sound, but it's quite appealing and a good match for the themes of the album. It feels very cohesive compared to Waitress in which they seemed to be experimenting with various styles on the different tracks —these songs flow into each other very smoothly, and when "Act of the Apostle II" picks up the theme from its predecessor halfway through, it feels completely natural despite the fact that the first "Act of the Apostle" played ten tracks earlier.

I'm not sure what it is about this particular song maybe the cowbell but I can't get enough of it. The iTunes version of this album offers two bonus tracks, neither of which is particularly essential. Apparently these are also on the "Funny Little Frog" single.

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I've been neglecting the blog the last few days, in favor of things like data analysis. Although I might have preferred to be doing things like Half-Life 2 instead, the data came out very well, and you will certainly see it if you attend my March Meeting talk. In other quantum computing news, a group at UIUC has performed a very interesting experiment in which they combined quantum computing and quantum interrogation to get the result of a quantum algorithm without actually running it. Via all over the place. So at least one person will have a March Meeting talk that's much cooler than mine—for us "counterfactual computation" is when our qubits don't work—but in the spirit of quantum oneupsmanship I will note that my qubits are allegedly scalable.

John Holbo speculates about technological advances that may follow from this. Oops, I meant to blog this a little bit earlier, but fortunately it's not too late: Chad Orzel is polling on the Greatest Physics Experiment from a set of eleven nominees which have been described in some detail in earlier posts at Uncertain Principles. So go over there and vote! My endorsement is for Cavendish. Also, I regret not nominating Onnes for the discovery of superconductivity.

Preliminary results are here. While the East Coast is buried in snow and Southern California struggles under a scorching heat wave , it's been 65 and sunny all week here in Berkeley. And we'll get the same weather in July. With this kind of climate, one might expect that the heating and air conditioning needs of a campus building like Birge Hall would be pretty minimal. And indeed, through efficient design the building is maintained at a pleasant environment with hardly any energy. I'm joking, of course. What they actually do here is run the heating and the air conditioning at the same time so that they cancel out.

I only discovered this fact this week, when the heat pump broke —leaving the air conditioning running unchecked. Naturally there's no way to adjust it, and so I end up carrying a sweater to lab with me, so that after walking through perfect weather to get there I can bundle up when I enter the building and avoid freezing to death. Somehow, you'd think a physics building would have a more efficient solution to the problem of temperature control, but maybe it's a corollary to the fact that the architecture building is always the ugliest building on campus.

Genre fiction

It brings to mind a common method of temperature control in condensed matter physics: Yesterday Chad Orzel speculated about the relative absence of experimental physicists in the blogging community. Unfortunately, I didn't have time to comment until now, because I was busy working in the lab. Actually we were gearing up for, and then undergoing, a major safety inspection. The inspectors, who were reminiscent of the consultants from Office Space , stood around trying to invent scenarios under which a graduate student could suffer oxygen deprivation folowing sudden helium vaporization in our dilution fridge.

Anyway, Chad's hypothesis was that theorists spend more time in front of computers on a daily basis, and thus blogging is just more convenient. This seems right to me: I'm one of the few condensed matter experimentalists who maintains a blog and it probably helps that I'm a grad student rather than a postdoc or on the tenure track , and whether or not I have time to post mostly depends on how much time I'm spending on the computer, versus in front of an oscilloscope or soldering iron or bolting power strips to desks two feet above the floor to satisfy safety inspectors.

For a period of about 10 months last year, we did not have an experiment running as we were fabricating a new sample. And due to the division of labor among the grad students on this project, I was not closely involved with the fabrication process, and instead spent my time reading papers, writing papers and reports to funding agencies, writing software, designing circuits, and doing simulations. These were all computer-intensive activities, and I was able to get a fair amount of blogging done. For the last two months, however, we've been doing measurements on the chip we made last year, and I've spent a lot of time taking data, looking at scope traces, and reconfiguring wiring.

Hence, I think up a bunch of posts over the week and write them up on Saturday night, which is a bit lame. Fortunately, I do frequently have the ability to post even under these conditions, due to the phenomenon of Joule heating: Every time we make a measurement, we apply a current pulse to our device, which produces a voltage and a corresponding amount of heat. If this heat is allowed to accumulate on the chip, it will wipe out the quantum effects we're trying to study, so between each measurement we have to wait long enough for the chip to cool off.

In practice, this means instead of taking a million measurements in a second we are reduced to about 2, Furthermore, to get good statistics and sweep over an interesting range of parameters we have to take a large number of measurements, so it turns out that to get interesting results we need to measure continuously for at least 12 hours.

I've written an overly baroque computer program to automate all this, so once I know what I want to measure, I can push a button to start the experiment, do something else for a while usually analyzing data from the previous run , and then collect all the data hours later or the next day.

This is only when everything is working properly; otherwise it's back to the oscilloscope and wiring diagrams. And in the gaps I can do a little blogging. These days, the trend in the superconducting qubit community is towards nondissipative readout—i. This might threaten to take away my blogging windows, except that it would also enable measurements that require even better statistics and broader sweeps, and so there will still be reasons to do and hour runs. Actually, our record is about 48 hours, but we don't currently have the battery life to repeat that.

Less than two months remain before the APS March Meeting, which in terms of blogging means more short posts at odd hours, when I'm not in the lab trying to gather lots of last-minute data. Here's the abstract for my talk: Variable Coupling of Two Flux Qubits 5: We report observations of variable coupling of two flux qubits. Using the two on-chip flux bias lines we adjusted the bias of each qubit so that the energy levels of the two qubits were equal; we then observed a splitting of the resulting absorption peak characteristic of coupling between the qubits.

We varied the coupling between the qubits by changing the current bias in the SQUID in the zero voltage state, thereby changing its dynamic inductance and thus modifying the effective mutual inductance between the qubits. We compare the resulting changes in splitting with our predictions. This controllable coupling should be extendable to many qubits. I'll do a post explaining this in more detail around the time of my talk; some of this work is still, uh, "in progress". The talk immediately before mine covers some other results from these experiments. It's time once again for us to celebrate Newton's Birthday which has a Wikipedia entry!

Some physics carols may be found here. Also check out that issue of Physics Today for physics songs. Was it August '05? I don't have my collection here. The experiment is basically a gigantic vat of liquid scintillator—an oil convenient for producing photons from exotic particles passing through—surrounded by high-efficiency photon detectors. Neutrinos are produced in huge quantities by the sun and nuclear reactors, but they rarely interact with matter, so to observe them one needs to construct a very large detector and wait for a while.

I've always enjoyed following the neutrino experiments, since they came online about when I started to study physics, and since then they have made steady progress understanding this particle. It's a nice example of the incremental progress of science. Around my senior year in high school the story was "We've been assuming neutrinos are massless, but it's been suggested they do have mass and experiments are being constructed to look for it.

Over the next few years the line became "Neutrinos might have mass," then "Neutrinos probably have mass but we don't know what it is ". And in today's colloquium, the word was: Neutrinos totally have mass. There are three different varieties of neutrinos, named according to the lepton they're associated with in weak-force interactions: But KamLAND looked at neutrinos produced in this way by nuclear reactors, and found that neutrinos that start out as electron neutrinos oscillate between this type and the other two types the mu and tau neutrinos.

This can happen only if neutrinos are massive. But we don't know what it is. Measurements on neutrino oscillations only tell you the relationship between the masses of the three types of neutrinos, and not the masses themselves. There are estimates of the actual masses based on this, but they are not very precise. The electron, mu, and tau neutrinos are not mass eigenstates.

Rather than having a single mass itself, the electron neutrino is actually a kind of mixture technically, a superposition of three neutrinos, each of which does have its own mass. There's still an undetermined parameter in neutrino mixing. It's a complex phase, and relates to a symmetry breaking? This is one of those things I'd be more informed about if I'd ever taken a course on the Standard Model. Freedman also spent some time on another angle of this experiment, in geophysics rather than fundamental physics. I know I have some geophysicists reading, so you can correct me if I get this wrong.

There's a discrepancy between various estimates of the heat produced by the Earth, and one hypothesis which is apparently not widely credited is that the core of the Earth contains a natural nuclear reactor. Since KamLAND is built to detect neutrinos from man-made reactors, it could in principle look for one at the center of the planet as well. Except that KamLAND is deliberately built really close to a number of reactors in Japan, and any geophysical signal would be absolutely swamped by the signal from power plants. So in practice it looks like another detector would have to be built somewhere else to do this experiment.

Via Katie in e-mail, the NYTimes has excerpts from textbooks for "Christian schools", published by who else? And yes, there's a Physics for Christian Schools. It's disturbing that someone thought physics was too atheistic and needed to be all churched up. Physicists , on the other hand, are pretty godless compared to the general population. Anyway, here's an excerpt: Some people have developed the idea that higher mathematics and science have little to do with the Bible or Christian life.

They think that because physics deals with scientific facts, or because it is not pervaded with evolutionary ideas, there is no need to study it from a Christian perspective. This kind of thinking ignores a number of important facts to the Christian: First, all secular science is pervaded by mechanistic, naturalistic and evolutionistic philosophy.

Learning that the laws of mechanics as they pertain to a baseball in flight are just the natural consequences of the way matter came together denies the wisdom and power of our Creator God. Second, physics as taught in the schools of the world contradicts the processes that shaped the world we see today.

Trying to believe both secular physics and the Bible leaves you in a state of confusion that will weaken your faith in God's Word. I have this perverse curiosity as to how exactly they remedy the mechanistic and naturalistic approach in "secular science" a redundant phrase, I believe. Reminds me of the classic anti-evolution Chick tract in which it is asserted that the strong nuclear force is a falsehood, and that atomic nuclei are compelled to hold together by the power of Christ.

And speaking of evolution, I can only imagine what their "biology for Christians" text is like. Good for the UC for not crediting some of these courses. Those of you who come here for the physics blogging which has been somewhat absent of late may be interested in a couple of links I found recently, via referrals and Technorati:. Mixed States aggregates the RSS feeds of a number of physics blogs including this one. Since the included bloggers are listed by their real name, it's a nice way to see who else in the community is blogging although I didn't recognize any names that I knew from physics rather than from reading blogs.

Above their blogroll they list professors working in the field, including former Clarke group member and current collaborator Britton Plourde, but strangely not John Clarke himself. Yesterday's colloquium was entitled "String Theory and Cosmology", usually a sign that I can safely spend that hour in the lab trying to get my qubits to work. If I had known that the speaker would be giving the talk from handwritten transparencies I definitely would have stayed away, figuring that the talk was so overly technical that Powerpoint couldn't handle it, and the speaker would be running through some incomprensible morass of equations and text that had been lifted from the Necronomicon and then translated a couple times by Babelfish.

But fortunately I did go to the colloquium, which turned out to be pretty accessible. The speaker, Shamit Kachru, was very good and able to give sort of a hand-wavy outline of what string theorists are up to. The Standard Model of particle physics, which describes the behavior of particles in certain regimes i. And general relativity, which describes gravity in observable regimes. What gravity does at energies where it's comparable to the other three forces it's normally much weaker. Also, various mathematical quirks and inconsistencies in the Standard Model.

Various string theories generate universes that look sort of like this one. But it's unknown whether any of them do describe the actual universe, because they only make interesting predictions at energies much higher than could possibly be tested. I believe the number cited in the talk was 10 17 GeV; the best accelerators run at 10 3 GeV. The connection to cosmology in the talk was in trying to explain the origins of the universe using string theory; out of all of the potential verieties of theories, a few do make testable predictions on observable phenomena like the cosmic microwave background due to how they address the Big Bang.

So if we're lucky enough to live in one of these universes, we could confirm it with certain astrophysical experiments. And then there's the possibilty that string theory isn't the right answer, but rather something no one's thought of yet. As Douglas Adams noted, "There is a theory which states that if ever anyone discovers exactly what the Universe is for and why it is here, it will instantly disappear and be replaced by something even more bizarre and inexplicable.

There is another theory which states that this has already happened. Now, for serious string theory blogging you should be reading Cosmic Variance , since I don't really know much at all about the field beyond what can be communicated in an hour-long colloquium. However, I'm starting to understand why it's interesting. Also, it turns out that the guys shambling down the halls around here muttering about "braaaaanes" aren't zombies but overworked string theorists.

I just discovered that there are videos of the colloquia on the physics department website, here , so you can actually watch this talk if you're interested. It hasn't been posted yet but probably will be within a week. Another good one from this semester was "Cycles in Fossil Diversity" by Rich Muller, which was a study of what causes species to thrive or die out at apparently regular intervals in Earth's history.

Most of you know about my work on the qubit project; the ScienceMatters article also covers some of the other research in the group. It's pretty cool to see one of our figures on Boing Boing , even if it is from the admittedly more photogenic MRI project rather than the qubit research. This is not the sort of story one expects to read about a physics Nobel laureate: Nobel Prize-winning physicist gets 2 years in Santa Maria crash. John Robert Schrieffer, 74, a Florida State University professor who once taught at the University of California, Santa Barbara, pleaded no contest July 25 to felony vehicular manslaughter with gross negligence for crashing into the Toyota van near rural Orcutt.

Schrieffer had nine prior speeding tickets and was driving on a suspended license at the time of the Sept. He also admitted to a criminal enhancement of causing great bodily injury to three people in the van. Schrieffer was the "S" in the BCS theory of superconductivity , which describes conventional superconductors and is therefore highly relevant to my own research. I've never seen him in person, but it's still kind of shocking. Later in the article his colleagues protest that he's not an "extreme personality", but nine speeding tickets?

He sure sounds like a reckless driver, at least. Via Fark , where the headline writer inexplicably went for quantum tunneling as the basis for the obligatory joke rather than something on resistanceless flow. Over at Cosmic Variance, Sean Carroll has a great post on spontaneous symmetry breaking.

It's a nice treatment for those of us who never got around to taking a Standard Model course. Carroll is actually in Berkeley today, giving the particle physics seminar, but the condensed matter seminar is at the same time so I won't be able to catch it. I probably wouldn't be able to follow his talk anyway, as it's a bit far afield for me. Via Boing Boing , some weirdly beautiful artistic renditions of elementary particles. I like the photon especially.

Can we get the artist to do some condensed matter stuff? I'd love to see Cooper pairs, quasiparticles, and phonons Chad Orzel has posted his explanations of this year's physics Nobels: I don't have much knowledge of quantum optics so this was pretty helpful. Also, check out last week's open thread here for Jolene's explanation of the chemistry prize; she was a student of one of this year's laureates. I have no way to link to individual comments on my blog so you'll have to scroll past some scheduling chatter to find it. The economics prize is covered at Marginal Revolution: Aumann is discussed here and Schelling here ; Tyler Cowen was Schelling's student.

The physics Nobel was announced today: Nobel given for laser measurement. Three scientists have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for laser measurement and quantum optics. The laser-based spectroscopy they have pioneered allows the colour of light from atoms and molecules to be determined with exceptional precision. The other half went to Roy Glauber of Harvard University for applying modern quantum physics to optics. This is Chad Orzel's field , so I'll wait for him to post his explanation of their findings, and then link to it.

At tonight's ballroom dance class, the instructor at one point explained that it's important to finish a particular turn at the appropriate angle, so that when the motion is reversed one ends up at the original angle. Of course, my brain immediately translated this into the all-too-familiar concept of phase coherence and the difficulties of random phase noise. Unfortunately the foot-change doesn't act as a spin-echo pulse to correct the phase variation. My personal dephasing rate appears to be very high. And let's not even talk about my foot parity non-conservation. You may be wondering where I disappeared to, perhaps imagining that I was pursuing adventure and excitement during the long weekend.

This was true during the first half, but Sunday afternoon I had to face the fact that I had been assigned the first group seminar of the semester. In fact, I was due to give a talk towards the end of last semester, but managed to put it off for about five consecutive weeks until I was saved by the end of the term. Unfortunately I was still at the front of the queue when we started up again. For a topic I chose to review an page theory paper: I would have expected such a task to consume my entire weekend rather than just half of it and much of today , but fortunately the paper was not as daunting as it looked.

This was for several reasons: As theory papers go, this one was not very dense. There was lots of text to go with each equation, and they mostly explained the algebra involved. After establishing the major equations governing the problem, they confine their solution to a particularly easy special case. For this special case, they give a "formal solution": Having obtained the formal solution, they set their computers on the problem, leaving the second half of the paper primarily to an avalanche of plots illustrating the numerical results.

My strategy for assembling my talk was to start by putting the numerical plots on Powerpoint slides, so that if I ran out of preparation time I could do the rest of the talk on the whiteboard. It turned out I had time to put everything into Powerpoint, which was nice since my whiteboard handwriting isn't terribly legible. For a denser theory paper, I would certainly use the whiteboard since it's tough to get the pacing right for mathematical derivations in Powerpoint. Also it's annoying to construct equations on the computer; I try to copy them from the PDF of the original article when possible, but sometimes I have to fill in steps or rearrange something into a clearer form.

I've noticed lately that when I'm giving a talk or a speech I seem to go into a kind of trance where I construct and deliver sentences without thinking about them on a conscious level. This is not normally the case unless I am sufficiently inebriated. This is absolutely essential because I can shut down the conscious part of my mind and therefore not notice that lots of people are watching me.

One might ask why I can't duplicate this in normal conversation, and the answer seems to be that I rely on the prompts from my prepared notes or slides or whatever, and in more free-form circumstances some more conscious thought is necessary. I used to have difficulties with freezing up during the question period following a talk and I think this is the reason.

I've since improved in this regard. In high school physics class we watched a video about Richard Feynman, and in one scene he talked about a problem that occurred to him while cooking dinner with a friend one evening. He and his friend became utterly distracted from their dinner, instead spending the evening snapping spaghetti in half and trying to understand the process. They never solved the problem. It was reported last week that the answer has been found. It turns out that the initial break in the spaghetti sends waves down the strand, and these waves increase the stress as they pass by, creating additional breaks.

Supposedly this is actually useful: The team points out that the motivation for this research extends far beyond the kitchen. The brittle steel struts in skyscrapers, buildings and bridges can fragment by similar mechanisms, so this research can have practical implications in helping to make structures safer. The experimenters' website is here with video! Their paper came out today in PRL; it can be found here. One of the comments on the flux qubit post asked an important question: I dealt with this a bit in the thread itself, but this post will be a less technical treatment.

In general, decoherence is a result of the fact that the qubit under study isn't in isolation, but interacts with some larger environment. Through this interaction, information that starts out concentrated in the qubit dissipates out into the environment, and likewise information in the environment mixes into the qubit. Of course, the state of the environment isn't known beforehand so the information that mixes in just looks random, and averages out over a large number of experiments. In the case of our qubit, what matters is the electromagnetic environment—the electric and magnetic fields that act on the qubit.

Any fluctuations in these fields can produce decoherence, and just about everything produces some level of field noise. This paper contains the major results of my graduate research so far, compressed into four pages. Instead of the abstract I'm posting something closer to a layman's explanation, which is below the fold since it got a bit long. Flux qubits and readout device with two independent flux lines B. B 72 , R March 10, Physics, quants, and the crash Posted by Arcane Gazebo at Academia , Career , Finance , Physics.

Still alive Posted by Arcane Gazebo at 7: Apocalypse , Physics , Psychoceramics , Science. Quantum Construction Posted by Arcane Gazebo at 3: Posted by Arcane Gazebo at Christianity , Physics , Psychoceramics , Religion. Bad quantum press releases: Physics , Quantum Information , Science. A pretty accurate re-enactment Posted by Arcane Gazebo at 3: Academia , Comics , Physics.

No new neutrinos Posted by Arcane Gazebo at 3: Lawrence Krauss on the future of the universe Posted by Arcane Gazebo at 8: Academia , Physics , Quantum Information , Science. Your search requests answered Posted by Arcane Gazebo at 7: Academia , Physics , Search Requests. Games , Physics , Quantum Information. Cults and hierarchies in physics Posted by Arcane Gazebo at 3: Academia , Caltech , Physics.

T-Rex and superfluidity Posted by Arcane Gazebo at 7: Comics , Physics , Randomness. Physics , Quantum Information , Technology. Newmarket-based Cl, Caravans International, was one of the biggest manufacturers at the height of the caravan boom although the business closed completely about 20 years ago after going through a number of changes of ownership. Nicholson, 48, admitted illegal possession of cannabis and was given a conditional discharge for 12 months by magistrates at Bury St Edmunds.

He told them the drug was for personal use and helped him with his withdrawal from alcohol addiction. The court heard he had a number of previous convictions for drug offences and was about to complete a community order of hours of unpaid work imposed by a court in August of last year. She said he would now refer himself to a drug advisory service.

March 10, 2009

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Arcane Gazebo: Physics Archives

Credit is subject to status to UK residents aged 18 years and over. Registered in England and Wales. Registered in England and Wales No: Bring your child age 5 or less along to The Grafton All photographs will be published in a 'News' special supplement, giving readers the opportunity to vote for their favourites!

Starts on Monday February 23 There are great prizes to be won - so come along to The Grafton and join in the fun! Prices in forecourts in our region have been rising since early January and one outlet, Melbourn Garage, is charging 99p a litre for unleaded. Only a handful of garages are selling petrol for less than 90p a litre and most are charging between 90p and 94p. Motorists feeling the effects of the recession are seeing prices creep up despite lower oil prices, because of the falling value of the pound. The average price in January was There are calls for the Government to suspend its already delayed plans for a 1.

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All of a sudden, your social life will be off the charts. Invitations will come pouring in and people will clamour for your company. This is an especially good time to join an exclusive club or professional organisation. Helpline ruunsneu on iik Tuesday of every moi contact: The Pink Panther 2 PG: Hotel For Dogs U: The Secret Of Moonacre U: The Tale Of Despereaux U: Che - Part Two Vicky Cristina Barcelona 12A: Daily except Thu Feb 26 4. Che- Part One Thu Feb 26 11 am. City Of Ember PG: U3A - Darratt PG: Thu Feb 26 5pm.

Friday The 13th My Bloody Valentine 3D The Spiderwck Chronicles PG: The innuendo-filled comedy pastiche of s boarding school stories follows a group of schoolgirls as they develop crushes on their teachers, have midnight feasts and welcome a new arrival. The show is on at 11 pm until Saturday. Call or visit www. The Pembroke Players portray the family of a self-made entrepreneur and patriarch who dies, leaving them to come to terms with the impact he has had on their lives.

The show runs at the Cambridge theatre until Saturday at 10pm. To book call or visit www. Call or go to www. Round-up of football results. An array of famous faces take to the dance floor in aid of Comic Relief. Fact- based drama about two teenagers whose obsessive friendship drives them to murder. How Iran helped America topple the Taliban in Afghanistan. World War Two adventure. Live-action comedy adventure based on the cartoon, starring Sarah Michelle Gellar. The Bourne Identity A man picked up by a fishing boat searches for his true identity, but finds his past is far from straightforward.

Thriller, starring Matt Damon. Thriller, starring Val Kilmer. Battle of the Islands. Turk finds out Carla is pregnant. Four episodes of the cooking series. Linda Lusardi hosts the final meal of the competition. A woman living in Fifties London carries out discreet illegal abortions, but she faces prosecution when her secret is exposed. Knights of the Round Table Columbo Cries Wolf Archie plans to make a fortune by selling a painting he believes to be the work of graffiti artist Banksy.

Mac and the team are called to an exposed cellar where the body of a man has been discovered. Describes the annual return made by Pacific salmon to the rivers of Canada and Alaska where they were born. Milkmaid Nan takes a shine to Alf. The Rainmaker Courtroom drama. The Fall of the Roman Empire Graham Bell spends a night in the wilds of the Andes.

The Living Daylights The remaining couples take to the ice. Sharon Osbourne takes the hot seat. Confessions of a Shopaholic: Ross flirts with a pizza-delivery woman. The Big Bang Theory. The Script - Video Exclusive. My Super Ex- Girlfriend An ordinary New Yorker breaks up with the insecure superhero.

Thriller, with Tom Cruise and Penelope Cruz. Here on Earth Slappy and the Stinkers Murder by Death Programme times subject to change. These amazing varieties are also extremely weather resistant making them excellent for our variable summer weather. Please note calls will be charged at 5p per minute from BT landlines. Please ensure you have your credit card to hand.

Simply complete this coupon and send with payment. Address Postcode Tel Email Delivery: All orders will be acknowledged with an approximate delivery date. Anticipated delivery date will be within 28 days. Offers are subject to availability. If you are not completely satisfied, please return the product in good condition to Van Meuwen within 14 days of delivery, reguesting either a full refund or an exchange.

Your contract for supply of goods is with Van Meuwen. It is an easy distance from the town centre and has delightful views to the front. The front and rear gardens are both laid to lawn, and there is a driveway and garage for parking. It includes an entrance hall, cloakroom, living room, study, dining room, kitchen, utility room, three bedrooms and a bathroom.

The accommodation is well-presented and spacious. Outside, there are attractive front and rear gardens, laid mainly to lawn, as well as a detached single garage. To view this property, contact Abbotts on It features an entrance hall, kitchen, living room with aspect to the rear, two bedrooms and a bathroom. There are also front and rear gardens. For further information, contact Abbotts on The property benefits from landscaped gardens, a garage and parking.

For further details of the scheme or to view the property, contact Balmforth on There is also a good-size kitchen, entrance hall and shower room. The property also features both front and rear gardens, plus a single garage and driveway. The rear garden is laid to lawn with an area of patio and attractive shrub borders. For further information or to arrange a viewing, contact Abbotts on Semi in ideal village location SITUATED in Kings Meadow, Kedington, is this semi-detached property It is well-positioned within the village and contains three bedrooms two of which are double , a living room, dining room, modern kitchen and a refitted bathroom.

There are front and rear gardens, as well as a garage en bloc to the rear. For further details or to arrange a viewing, contact Balmforth on Separate dining room, refitted kitchen, sun lounge, two bedrooms, family bathroom. Front and rear gardens, garage en bloc. Re-fitted kitchen 12'6 x 9'8 , lounge, three bedrooms, delightful enclosed rear garden. Re-furbished semi-detached family house.

Much improved extended detached residence. Conservatory 16'8 x 8'4 , fitted kitchen, three bedrooms, re-fitted bathroom, delightful gardens. Front and rear gardens, garage. Fear not as the right property in the right location marketed at the right price by the right agent will still sell! Your Move, your Local National Estate Agent combines the best of local advertising, local staff with knowledge of the local market together with national network linked estate agency offices, plus 8 internet websites casting the net further to catch you a buyer.

Call Darren, Senior Manager on for your free no obligation market appraisal. Victorian style terraced property, bay fronted lounge, dining area, fitted kitchen, 3 bedrooms, family bathroom. Gas central heating, double glazing, garden to rear. Cambridge side of town, gas fired central heating, double glazed windows.

Cambridge side of town. Is your property standing empty and costing you money? If the answer is YES then call Your Move today, as we have Tenants waiting and due to record Lets so far in we urgently need your property in all areas of Haverh: Any persons wishing to increase on this offer should notify the agents of their best offer prior to excahnge of contracts. An unfurnished 1 Bedroom house. An unfurnished 2 Bedroom apartment. Prices and details are correct at time of going to press.

Images are typical of H C Moss. They usually study topics such as nutrition, sanitation procedures, and basic baking.


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Some participate in correspondence study and may work toward a certificate in baking. Remuneration in baking field mainly depends on experience, qualification, business segment and location. In India, the average starting salary of a baker is Rs. Experienced and renowned personals can make any where between Rs. Successful entrepreneurs who have their own bakery can earn more money than others.

Banking today is a niche career for enthusiasts in the field of commerce and accounts. For the beginners, it is the first step towards understanding the global economy, discovering the challenges of the marketplace and identifying themselves with a career that provides them with tremendous opportunities, both within the country and abroad. With new banks coming up every year owing to privatization of services, the industry indeed provides sufficient room for graduates in any field.

If you are a student of BCom, you can get placed as a sales executive for loans, mortgages and insurance with any of the leading banks. All you need is good communication skills. Similarly, if you hold an MBA in finance from a good b-school, you can expect to be placed as a relationship manager. The salary packages are accordingly decided. Banking is a career with great opportunities. Aggressive marketing and innovative policies hold the key to the success of banking operations. Lot of changes has been introduced to the banking sector due to international trade and industrial liberalization and several branches of public sector banks as well as private and foreign banks are coming up at each and every corner of the country.

All these factors have created an increase in job opportunities and the requirement for people with marketing and technological skills apart from financial background. The candidates can look for jobs in many establishments such as RBI, Regional reserve banks, the State Bank of India and its associate banks, nationalized banks and private banks. Nationalized banks recruit candidates through competitive examinations while private banks recruit candidates mainly MBA's and Chartered Accountants directly. Candidates with pleasing personality can find jobs as direct marketing executives, personal banking executives and home banking executives.

Foreign banks usually go for experienced candidates for managerial posts. All positions jobs of banks Prospectus are available in the market for job hunters and finders. Opportunities in Banking Sector is knocking the doors of all those candidates who have spirit to get and lift up the responsibilities. Minimum required educational qualification is graduation to apply for any post of the bank. Least post in banks is also demanding a candidate having graduate degree.

A bartender's job consists of preparing and serving alcoholic or non-alcoholic beverages to customers in bars, restaurants, nightclubs and other establishments and venues. Bartenders are responsible for collecting payment, ordering inventory and keeping their bar area clean for customers who want to drink and dine.

Although there's no formal education required for these professionals due to on-the-job training being provided, formal training programs for bartenders do exist. Minimum age requirements also apply. Beauty culture or cosmetology is becoming one of the major occupational avenues in India, as the world of fashion and glamour is growing manifold along with the rising incomes of the people and changing life styles.

It is further boosted by the new scientific developments, techniques, products and media hype. So this sector is witnessing mega revenues and has a lot of commercial potential. People are becoming more and more fashion and fitness conscious and are laying more stress on personal grooming. So the cosmetology industry is becoming a multi billion-dollar industry in India and creating myriad employment opportunities for those who have a flair for this kind of job.

The science of beauty treatment or cosmetology deals with the care of skin, hair nails and all the makes us look attractive and well groomed. This includes treatment of skin like tag removal, lifting, toning and various kinds of facials like French facial, oxygen facial, general facials depending on skin type. It also includes treatment for wrinkles, acne, blemishes and scars and pigmentation etc. It includes treatment for hair and scalp along with its styling and cutting, coloring, perming etc and how to keep hair healthy and attractive, use of wigs and other hair styling accessories.

It includes resolving people's problems regarding beauty and skin treatment and advising them on issues related to it. It also includes promoting the sales of beauty products and demonstration of their use. Includes giving various types of body massages to both men and women to reduce their stress levels and putting their bodies in proper shapes while making them feel a bit relaxed. However, since the profession involves a lot of interaction with customers and calls for personal care, politeness and suavity is a major requirement.

A beautician must be friendly, confident and also well mannered. He or she must have an attractive and pleasing personality, possess a sense of hygiene and have a creative mind. Broadly defined, behavioral science is the study of human habits, actions, and intentions; it spans the fields of psychology, social work, human resources, economics, sociology, and organizational behavior. Behavioral scientists are able to choose their own unique career paths thanks to the wide variety of applications and panoply of available workplace settings.

Many work to broaden the scientific understanding of human and animal behavior, and many work hands-on to address social or individual problems. For someone adequately trained and educated in behavioral science, the employment options are nearly limitless. Not all universities offer specialized behavioral science degrees at the undergraduate level, so related fields may be the best option.

For example, candidates may elect for a degree as a registered nurse, psychologist or social worker, and then go on to obtain a master's degree or PhD in behavioral science specifically. More often than not, a behavioral scientist will hold an advanced degree with some specialization.

The study of behavioral science incorporates a mix of natural sciences and social sciences, including but not limited to those described below. After earning your degree in one or more behavioral sciences, you will qualify for a variety of career paths. Jobs will become available for you all over the globe.

Behavioral interventionists work to reduce or extinguish harmful behavior towards individuals or groups by enforcing positive behavioral practices. They often work with children in schools or at home who have developmental disabilities. Behavioral interventionists are incredibly patient, possess impeccable communication skills, and are able to tolerate violent behavior. Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes that take place in living organisms.

This broad definition of biochemistry means that the job of a biochemist can encompass a wide range of scientific topics, including stem cell research, genetic research, immunology, pharmacology, forensics, cancer research, environmental science and food science. The research efforts of biochemists have the potential to result in dramatic medical or scientific breakthroughs. But biochemists enjoy a wide-ranging career path with many possibilities — for instance, other biochemists work in the commercial food or agricultural fields looking for ways to improve products and crops.

The diverse application of biochemistry means that career options are nearly endless and still unfolding. As technologies and discoveries advance in this exciting field of study, the range and variety of research topics only expands. With the world evolving day in and day out, there is an intense need to understand the organisms evolving with it and also the role these organisms have on the environment. Because of the nature of work there is a tremendous scope of research. There is also another field where there is always need for experts in the field of Biochemistry which is the quality control and safety section.

Almost all companies in the field of food, pharmaceuticals, health and beauty care, etc required safety checks, regulations and quality control. Bioinformatics combines biology and computer science and is still a relatively new area of biotechnology. Bioinformatics analysts conduct research in labs and develop informatics algorithms and bioinformatics databases that can help in the understanding of disease and other physical conditions. Bioinformatics analysts study information received from the Human Genome Project, a research project that determines the pairs that create DNA, in an effort to develop cures for human diseases.

They are skilled in the use of complex algorithms, computer databases and software. Analysts perform the initial studies of genomic data and consult with researchers. They design informatics algorithms and create bioinformatics databases.

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Bioinformatics analysts are responsible for manipulating and presenting genomic data and organizing and keeping databases up-to-date. They are also responsible for quality assurance and must adhere to specific protocols. Moreover, the interested individual should also have organizational skills and should be able to organize and interpret data. Their work also allows for no margin of error so they must be meticulous while working. Bioinformatics Scientists are the people who identify the causes of plant, animal and human development and disease. They create the methods for incorporating their knowledge about genes so that other scientists can interpret and analyze the data.

They research huge molecular datasets for the purpose of clinical research and collaborate with clinical and laboratory researchers to analyze problems, suggest solutions and put together strategies. Bioinformatics Scientists usually work for private organizations, universities or the government conducting research and other tasks.

Generally bioinformatics scientists are found in biotechnology firms, pharmaceutical companies, and medical diagnostic equipment companies. They usually work regular hours however many spend long hours on the job completing their work. They may also be required to work on weekends or on evenings when a deadline is approaching or to solve problems. The career prospect in the field has been steadily increasing with more and more use of information technology in the field of molecular biology. Job prospects are in all sectors of biotechnology, pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences, in research institutions, hospital and industry.

Some of the specific career areas that fall within the scope of bioinformatics include Sequence assembly, Database design and maintenance, Sequence analysis, Proteomics the study of protein, particularly their structures and functions , Pharmacogenomics, Pharmacology, Clinical pharmacologist, Informatics developer, Computational chemist, Bio-analytics and Analytics etc; Bioinformatics plays an important role in the area of genetic diseases and medical genomics is rapidly increasing and the future of personalized medicine depends on bioinformatics approaches.

Bioinformatics professionals have multiple career options. Most of these professionals are absorbed in pharmaceutical and Biotech companies. They can also work with premier scientific research institutes of public and private sector. They can also work with government and private hospitals.

These professional also can find employment in industries manufacturing various biomedical products. One can also take up teaching jobs in public and private collages offering bioinformatics as a subject. This is the reason why grants are being provided by the government to institutes teaching the course, so that all institutes may be fully equipped to impart education on Bioinformatics and prepare the students to seek a bright career in the job market. Bioinformatics is increasingly becoming a popular option to explore in the field of information technology.

Besides IT and software, knowledge of Bioinformatics can also be applied in agricultural companies, biotech and biomedical organizations and pharmaceutical companies. You can also be an academician after completing Bioinformatics studies. The position that one holds after pursuing a degree in Bioinformatics. As a biologist you would study living things like plants and animals and the world they live in. If you are interested in the natural world and enjoy practical science then there could be opportunities for you as a biologist. To become a biologist you will need to have an enquiring mind and good problem solving skills.

Biology covers a broad area within the life sciences. Usually specialize in one area and are recognized and named by that specialty for example, biologist who specialized in plants are called botanists and how works microscopic forms of plant and animal life, such as viruses, bacteria are generally known as microbiologists. Biologists research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as relationship, origin of nature, development of human and animals, anatomy and functions of animals and humans.

There are many types of biologists. Most deal with the macroscopic world and others with the microscopic. Biologists study living things like animals or plants, and the world around them, to increase our knowledge and understanding of areas such as the environment, genetics, and animal or plant biology. Your work would include designing and carrying out experiments, making observations, writing reports and publishing scientific papers based on your research. You could also specialise in related fields such as:. You would often work in a team with other scientists and technicians, and you may supervise support staff and carry out administration work.

If you were based at a university or teaching hospital, you would also teach and mentor students. Biologists provide information on life processes through the study of living organisms. Some scientists may work in industry applying their knowledge of life science to the development of products, while others conduct research to further biological knowledge. In industry, biological scientists focus their research in areas that result in a new product or process, such as a new drug or medical treatment.

They may conduct basic research in colleges, universities and government agencies to develop a greater understanding of biological processes. Scientists may work in laboratories using a wide variety of equipment. Some biologists work in the field studying organisms and life processes in their natural environment. Biophysics can be generally defined as the study of biological systems from the perspective of the physical sciences.

This is the field of science that explains how physical phenomena like mechanics electricity, magnetism, light, heat, and nuclear radiation related to the structure and the function of biological systems. Biology studies life in its variety and complexity. It describes how organisms go about getting food, communicating, sensing the environment, and reproducing.

On the other hand, physics looks for mathematical laws of nature and makes detailed predictions about the forces that drive idealized systems. Spanning the distance between the complexity of life and the simplicity of physical laws is the challenge of biophysics. Looking for the patterns in life and analyzing them with math and physics is a powerful way to gain insights.

Biophysicists study biological processes through the lens of physics. They conduct research in areas including neuroscience, genetics and medicine and study everything from organs and bodily systems to individual molecules. Biophysicists may be employed by universities to teach and conduct basic science research or by private industry to develop and test new products and processes.

Biophysicists who choose careers as university or college faculty members have teaching responsibilities in addition to their research duties. As they move up the ladder from instructor or assistant professor to full professor, they may also take on additional administrative duties in their departments. The Biophysics Society explains that faculty members at liberal arts colleges can expect to provide career advice to undergraduate students and help them develop basic laboratory and research skills. Faculty members employed by larger universities are likely to spend time teaching graduate students and guiding them as they plan and execute dissertation research.

Biophysics helped create powerful vaccines against infectious diseases. Biophysical methods are increasingly used to serve everyday needs, from forensic science to bioremediation. Biophysicist studies life at every level, from atoms and molecules to cells, organisms and environments. Biophysicists study how organisms develop, see, hear, think and live. They investigate how the brain processes and stores information, the heart pumps blood, muscles contract, plants use light in photosynthesis, genes are switched on and off and many other questions.

Biotechnology combines biological sciences with engineering technologies to manipulate living organisms and biological systems to produce products that advance healthcare, medicine, agriculture, food, pharmaceuticals and environment control. The biological sciences aspect deals with research and development in areas such as Microbiology, Cell biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology etc.

The industrial processes aspect deals with the production of drugs, vaccines, biofuels and pharmaceuticals on an industrial scale using biochemical processes and techniques. A BSc degree focuses more on the biological sciences aspect of Biotechnology with main emphasis will be on Biochemistry, Plant and Animal Biotechnology, Microbiology, Molecular Biology and Microbial Genetics, to name a few.

Today the essence of biotechnology is most prominent in the field of genetic researches and drug designing. However, it is being effectively being used for conservation of natural resources and developing newer sources of alternative energy as well. The following are applications where biotechnological techniques are used extensively: Biotechnology combines disciplines like genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology and cell biology, which are in turn linked to practical disciplines like chemical engineering, information technology, and robotics.

A minimum of a bachelor's degree in a related field, like communications, English literature or journalism; however, a combination of relevant work experience and education can be considered equivalent. Alternatively, a master's degree program in publishing would require approximately 40 credit hours. Common coursework includes editing, production, design and marketing. Strong communication skills are essential for a career in book publishing. The individual must also be able to work well with deadlines. Computer literacy is also a necessity. A book publisher must be a quick, analytical reader and have a knack for spotting marketable books.

Book publishers are responsible for overseeing the selection, production, marketing and distribution processes involved with new works of writing, can work for one of the many publishing firms throughout the country,: Aside from being a writer, there are other key roles that are involved in delivering the written word to a wider audience. From start to finish, a written piece must pass between the hands of different experts, assistants and readers before it is published.

This exposed the inadequacy of the State Armed Police to cope with armed aggression due to which the Government of India felt the need for a specialized centrally controlled Border Security Force, which would be armed and trained to man the International Border with Pakistan. As a result of the recommendations of the Committee of Secretaries, the Border Security Force came into existence on 01 Dec , and Shri K F Rustamji was the first chief and founding father.

The BSF has emerged as an elite force of the country having excelled with distinction in the war with Pakistan. The power to relax the eligibility criteria as mentioned in above will rest with the Directors General of Central Police Forces. The candidates must not have knock knee, flat foot, varicose vein or squint in eyes and they should possess high color vision.

They must be in good mental and bodily health and free from any physical defect likely to interfere with the efficient performance of the duties. The unfilled reserved vacancies may also be filled through special recruitments. One-third of the posts are filled up by direct recruitment and two-third by promotion. The criteria for Direct Recruitment is as under: These officers later on work in higher posts in Communication hierarchy in BSF, apart from performing General duties in various ranks, since Communication Officers are also part of General Cadre of Officers.

Age- Between 18 to 25 years. Must pass high-grade colour vision test. Age- Between 18 to 23 years. In India, botany is one of the most preferred science subjects. Botany includes a wide variety of scientific disciplines which study fungi, algae, plants, diseases, growth, metabolism and structure between different groups.


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The person dealing with the study of botany is known as a botanist. The job of a botanist involves studying plant life as well as finding possible solutions to forestry and agricultural problems. Botanists also deal with space travel agriculture, artificial environments, hydroponics and various other interesting areas of research. Hence, a career in botany may be highly rewarding for those who are allured with the aesthetic beauty of nature and flora. The scientific study of the physiology, structure, genetics, ecology, distribution, classification, and e the scientific study of the physiology, structure, genetics, ecology, distribution, classification, and economic importance of plants.

Botany is the scientific study of plants. By this definition plants include: Today scientists believe bacteria, algae and fungi are in their own distinct kingdoms, but most general botany courses, and most Botany Departments at colleges and universities, still teach about these groups.

Botany careers largely deal with the biology of fossil and living plants along with their relationship to the environment. Education in botany includes many specializations in areas such as the taxonomy, physiology and anatomy of plants and their processes.

A bachelor's degree is required for career entry, but advanced degree options are often required for teaching or research positions. Brand managers oversee the development and implementation of brand marketing strategies. These marketing strategies increase consumer awareness of a product or business name, term, symbol, sign, design or a combination of them that distinguishes the vendor from its competitors.

Large companies invest significant funds into branding strategies in order to augment brand equity, which in turn enhance sales and customer loyalty. More than mere marketers, brand managers are integral to boosting market share. Brand managers are often called upon to correlate their marketing strategies with product sales performance. A successful branding strategy will do more than make isolated sales that satisfy momentary customer needs; it will convince customers to associate a need with a product or company. Brand management is considered part of the marketing function, and most aspiring brand managers have had some experience in advertising, promotions, or sales.

However, consumer packaged goods companies are very interested in candidates who have honed their analytical and leadership skills in other disciplines, including consulting, investment banking, or strategic planning. If you have no previous experience in marketing, a summer internship can be enormously helpful.

Many companies offer summer internships, which often result in a job offer after graduation. Recruiters look for leadership, analytical skills, Problem solving ability, teamwork, and creativity. Successful applicants should have at least an undergraduate degree in business, liberal arts, or a related field. Philosophy majors and engineers are equally welcome to apply, if they can demonstrate skills in the five areas just mentioned. Most companies look for candidates with at least a 3. Broadcast and sound engineering technicians set up, operate, and maintain the electrical equipment for radio programs, television broadcasts, concerts, sound recordings, and movies.

Broadcast and sound engineering technicians typically work indoors in radio, television, movie, and recording studios. They can also work in hotels, arenas, or in offices and school buildings. Broadcast engineering is a sub-division of electrical engineering. There are many ways that lead on to becoming a broadcast engineer. The student can take the first step by enrolling to be an Associate of Applied Science in the Broadcast Engineering programme. To work in a senior position and advance network system, students can pursue their bachelor's degrees in electrical engineering, broadcast technology, or related fields.

As a broadcast engineer, you might work on studio and outside broadcasts OBs , post-production operations, and new media such as interactive TV and webcasts. You might be directly involved in broadcasting programmes, or you might focus on servicing the equipment. A Sound Editor creates the soundtrack by cutting and synchronizing to the picture, sound elements, such as production wild tracks, dialogue tracks, library material and digital form and presents these to the re-recording mixer for final sound balance.

They work closely with the sound designer, re-recording mixer and the director to establish what sound effects are required throughout the production and to ensure that these effects are available from sound effect libraries, or can be created to production requirements within tight time schedules. Must be computer literate and have a good working knowledge of sound recording, playback, editing and mixing equipment, also experience in the various soundtrack delivery systems. Excellent hearing and a good sense of timing are required, as are attention to detail and good communication skills.

The sound effects editor is responsible for the final version of the sound effects. With the challenging position, Mastering engineer is the link between the final mix and the CD. He is also known as postproduction engineer. He will mix down all the tracks of recordings into one. Recording engineer setting all the equipments right for the recording including microphones, placing the instruments, mixing the headphones for the musicians etc.

He is responsible for the audio tracks from the dialogue to the re-recording the final tracks. Pro tools operator , Studio manager: Studio manager is responsible for booking and maintaining all the recordings in the studio. With a very good organization skill, studio manager set all the background work for the music producers, engineers, the musicians and also handling the financial matters. Salary of an audio engineer depends on the designation and also the industry they are working in.

More than money this job brings in recognition. The salary can vary according to experience of a person. Includes film making, journalism, brand promotion, media promotion and planning, media studies and even photography. If you have a burning zeal to showcase your creative prowess along with your communication skills through a lens based media, then Audio Visual Media Course is your domain.

Television channel, media house, Production Company, advertisement agency, media planner, assistant director, production designer, editor and screenplay writer and animation. Freelance filmmaker, journalist, ad filmmaker, editor, or screenplay writer ,Commercial Fine Artswhich refers to the use of different art media for commercial functions. The term 'commercial fine arts' broadly focuses on painting, sculpting, applied art ,graphic interior design, ceramic design, mural design, metal craft, pottery design and painting.

Choose a career either in designing, art studios or the advertisement industry. Business administration probably incorporates one of the widest ranges of career opportunities available, making it an extremely popular career choice. A degree in business administration can open opportunities for working in practically any company setting, from the smallest Mom and Pop shop to the largest Fortune corporation and can include such strategic areas as international business, information technology IT , production and facilities management, or operations management.

Specific business administration tasks include coordinating and directing the services that help companies operate efficiently. These tasks might involve overseeing daily production or sales operations, managing staff and employees, chairing board meetings, administering policies and procedures, analyzing budgets, approving purchases and more. Business administration is one of the most flexible career paths available, offering a broad range of job possibilities.

People with a business administration undergraduate degree are prepared to hold entry-level positions in both the public and private sectors. Depending on the major, an individual might work as a financial analyst, human resources manager or accountant. Careers associated with a BBA don't require certification, although some positions have options to earn these designations, including financial analyst and accounting.

Pay Scale reported that as of September , individuals holding a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration had a high level of job satisfaction. There are many different jobs that may be open to you in the business administration field. Some of the most popular options include:. Business administration positions involve a variety of leadership, organizational and analysis duties. Every organization needs administration of its processes, staff, policies, contracts, finances and overall business plan.

There are many responsibilities that come with business administration jobs. Some of the regular duties you can expect during a career in business administration include:. A call centre is a centralized office of a company that answers incoming calls of its customers. A call centre may be an office also where outgoing calls are made to the customers for the purpose of telemarketing. There is a great scope for Call centres in India. Call center agent jobs vary depending on whether the agent handles inbound or outbound calls. Inbound agents are responsible for answering the call and taking care of the customers' needs, which sometimes includes making sales.

Outbound call agents place the calls to solicit sales or set appointments for other salespeople. A cardiologist is a physician who specializes in diagnosing, treating and preventing medical conditions of the heart and blood vessels. As a cardiologist will examine patients and order diagnostic tests, such as electrocardiographs EKGs , echocardiograms, exercise tests or cardiac catheterizations, also counsel patients regarding cholesterol management and cardiac fitness.

Cardiology, or cardiovascular medicine, is a rapidly growing field, as technological and pharmaceutical advancements continue to be developed by scientists and researchers. There are many different types of cardiologists — some focus more on diagnosis, prevention, and medications, while other cardiologists are more procedure-oriented, performing angioplasties and other life-saving operations.

With the increase in heart patients and number of Multispecialist hospitals, the scope for Cardiologists has widened both in Government and Corporate sector. A career as a Cardiologist can be rewarding, career wise as well as financially. Cardiologists can find employment as doctors in hospitals in cardiology department, cardiac rehabilitation centers and clinics testing patients for heart problems.

They work in hospitals on hourly, weekly and monthly basis. Most of them consider private practice, and get self employed by starting their own clinic. There are some who work in several hospitals as consultants as well as run their own clinic. They can get recruited in government health sector and defense service.

Those who are willing to do research work related to heart can also do the same and become scientists in cardiology. Cardiologists who prefer teaching can opt for the position as lectures in medical colleges. Advise and educate patients in order to improve quality of life and lower incidents of heart-related issues. Carpenters construct, erect, install, maintain and repair structures and components of structures made of wood, wood substitutes, lightweight steel and other materials.

They are employed by construction companies, carpentry contractors, and maintenance departments of factories, plants and other establishments, or they may be self-employed. Prospective carpenters with a basic set of carpentry tools will have better prospects. The number of job openings is expected to vary by geographic area. Because construction activity parallels the movement of people and businesses, areas of the country with the largest population increases will require the most carpenters.

Employment of carpenters, like that of many other construction workers, is sensitive to fluctuations in the economy. On the one hand, workers in these trades may experience periods of unemployment when the overall level of construction falls. On the other hand, peak periods of building activity may produce shortages of carpenters. Carpenters are one of the most versatile construction occupations, with workers usually doing many different tasks.

For example, some carpenters primarily insulate office buildings and others install drywall or kitchen cabinets in homes. Other carpenters erect shoring and scaffolding for buildings. Carpenters use many different hand and power tools to cut and shape wood, plastic, fiberglass, or drywall. They commonly use hand tools, including squares, levels, and chisels, as well as many power tools, such as sanders, circular saws, nail guns, and welding machines.

Carpenters fasten materials together with nails, screws, staples, and adhesives, and do a final check of their work to ensure that it is completed according to specifications. They use a tape measure on nearly every project to make sure that the pieces being cut are the proper size, which reduces waste and saves time. Many employers require applicants to supply their own tools. However, moderating some of the growth will be the increasing use of modular and prefabricated components. Roof assemblies, walls, stairs, and complete bathrooms are just a few of the prefabricated components that can be manufactured in a separate facility and then assembled onsite by carpenters.

Installing prefabricated components replaces the most labor-intensive and time-consuming onsite building activities. A career as a cartoonist is for people who are naturally gifted with a creative mind. Additionally, cartoonists must have the ability to draw, both by hand as well as on the computer.