Heavy Horses 10 Louis the Lithuanian Heavy Horse

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The large, solidly built Lithuanian Heavy Draught is an equine breed of draft horses developed about a few centuries ago in Lithuania. As their name suggests, they are primarily bred for farm and draft works. The breed, comprising nine lines, is now developed at Sudav, Zhagar, and Nyamun studs, as well as breeding units of state farms.

History and Development The Lithuanian Heavy Draft horse was first developed in the late 19th century, as a cross between the native Zhmud mares and imported heavy breeds. This breeding program was supervised by the Lithuanian Society for Breeding Work and Driving Horses that was founded in After the First World War, their numbers declined considerably. Another reason that could be of major significance is that the draft British horses, except Suffolk, have long hairs on the lower part of their legs known as the feather that was considered as unsuitable feature for the needs of most Canadian horse breeders Moore-Colyer Furthermore, the reconstitution of the Canadian breed pedigree records that happened in followed a severe selective inspection where only perfectly healthy horses with no features of large drought breeds, such as Shire and Clydesdale, was accepted Gendron Our findings indicate that the Dales Pony had a moderate level of differentiation based upon pair-wise Fst and it is a possible contributor to the Canadian breed.

This finding is supported by the fact that all breeding efforts after were centered to keep the small size of the Canadian Gendron Similar results came from the genetic distance trees and the Factorial Corresponding Analysis where the Canadian breed was in a different clade than all Arabian, Akhal Teke, and Iberian breeds. Therefore, our finding indicated no evidence of a clear relationship between Canadian and those horses. Yet, the Percheron themselves, as well as Belgian and Breton, showed no relationship with either the Andalusian or Arabian breeds in this study as well as other studies Leroy et al.


Lithuanian Heavy Draught

Such as results were previously reported Behara et al. Our finding about the Canadian and Morgan breeds could be explained by 2 scenarios. First, Morgan Horses were used to recover the Canadian after different waves of the Canadian breed contraction in number and quality which happened after The second scenario is that the Canadian influenced the development of Morgan Horse at some level. The first scenario is rejected because although the Morgan Horse was among the breeds that fought for the honor of recovering the Canadian between and , all the attempts of these crossbreeding projects were abandoned Gendron The second scenario is more likely.

The Morgan breed was established around from a single foundation stallion, named Figure and then called Morgan, and mares with no information of their origin or pedigree Hendricks Around that time, purebred and mongrel French-Canadian horses crossed the borders from Lower Canada to the northern states of US, such as Vermont, through trade with farmers and American dealers Jones Mares that resulted from the intermixing of French-Canadian with American horses on the United States side evidentially contributed to the development of the Morgan hose Jones ; Lynghaug Furthermore, the presence of the French-Canadian genetic materials in Morgan horses was indicated by specific characteristics such as the excellent legs and feet, heavy crimpy mane and tail Herbert et al.

Bexon, a Vermonter, has said: In conclusion, although the Canadian breed has experienced significant difficulties throughout their history, they have not suffered a serious loss of genetic diversity due to inbreeding despite now being considered as a rare breed.

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Belgian, Percheron, Breton and Dales Pony, unlike the light French horses, may have common ancestries with the Canadian breed and could be important founders. Shire and Clydesdale influenced the Canadian breed less than French and Belgian draft horses. Also, our finding indicated that there was no evidence of a clear relationship between Canadian and Oriental or Iberian breeds.

The Canadian evidentially contributed to the early development of the Morgan horses and many other American breeds. These findings may help in the population management and breeding program of the Canadian and provided some answers related to the ancient legends of the Canadian Horse. We would like to thank all the horse breeders who provided us their horse samples.


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The Legend of the Canadian Horse: View large Download slide. Genetic diversity in German draught horse breeds compared with a group of primitive, riding and wild horses by means of microsatellite DNA markers. Genetic relationships between horse breeds based on microsatellite data: A simple new method for estimating null allele frequency from heterozygote deficiency. Canadian Livestock Records Corporation. A microsatellite analysis of five Colonial Spanish horse populations of the southeastern United States.

Genetic structure and phylogenetic relationships of the Polish Heavy horse. Microsatellite analysis of genetic diversity and population structure of Arabian horse populations. Microsatellite analysis of genetic variability in Waler horses from Australia. The French Canadian Horse: Genetic diversity of a large set of horse breeds raised in France assessed by microsatellite polymorphism.

36 best Lithuanian Heavy Draught images on Pinterest | Draft horses, Clydesdale and Equestrian

Inbreeding and genetic structure in the endangered Sorraia horse breed: The official horse breeds standards guide: Aspects of the trade in British pedigree draught horses with the United States and Canada, c The importance of genetic populations diversity in livestock populations of the future.

Population genetic software for teaching and research—an update. Joachim horse farm, Quebec. Gardiner, Minister of agriculture. The Lithuanian Heavy Draught is used mainly for heavy draught and farm work. Recently, more have begun to be exported for meat.

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When crossed with native Altai horses, they improved the meat and milk yield and also increased the weight, growth rate, and ability to withstand year-round grazing conditions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Referenced February 4, Domestic Animal Diversity Information System.

Lithuanian Heavy Draught Pictures

List of donkey breeds Donkey Zebra Onager. Retrieved from " https: Horse breeds Horse breeds originating in Lithuania. Webarchive template wayback links EngvarB from August Articles with 'species' microformats.