Frauenlieder des frühen Minnesangs (German Edition)
Contrary to this theory, Franz Pfeiffer assumed that the singer was born in the Wipptal in South Tyrol, where, not far from the small town of Sterzing on the Eisack, a wood — called the Vorder- and Hintervogelweide — exists. This would, however, contradict the fact that Walther was not able to visit his homeland for many decades.
At this time Tyrol was the home of several well-known Minnesingers.
Walther von der Vogelweide - Wikipedia
The court of Vienna , under Duke Frederick I of the house of Babenberg , had become a centre of poetry and art. Here it was that the young poet learned his craft under the renowned master Reinmar the Old , whose death he afterwards lamented in two of his most beautiful lyrics; and in the open-handed duke, he found his first patron. This happy period of his life, during which he produced the most charming and spontaneous of his love-lyrics, came to an end with the death of Duke Frederick in Henceforward Walther was a wanderer from court to court, singing for his lodging and his bread, and ever hoping that some patron would arise to save him from this "juggler's life" gougel-fuore and the shame of ever playing the guest.
He had few if any possessions and depended on others for his food and lodging. His criticism of men and manners was scathing; and even when this did not touch his princely patrons, their underlings often took measures to rid themselves of so uncomfortable a censor.
Thus he was forced to leave the court of the generous duke Bernhard of Carinthia — ; after an experience of the tumultuous household of the landgrave of Thuringia , he warns those who have weak ears to give it a wide berth. Generosity could be mentioned by Walther von der Vogelweide. Ich bin dem Bogenaere Katzenelnbogener holt — gar ane gabe und ane solt: Walther was, in fact, a man of strong views; and it is this which gives him his main significance in history, as compared to his place in literature.
From the moment when the death of the emperor Henry VI opened the fateful struggle between empire and papacy , Walther threw himself ardently into the fray on the side of German independence and unity. Although his religious poems sufficiently prove the sincerity of his Catholicism , he remained to the end of his days opposed to the extreme claims of the popes, whom he attacks with a bitterness which can be justified only by the strength of his patriotic feelings.
His political poems begin with an appeal to Germany, written in at Vienna, against the disruptive ambitions of the princes: He was present in at Philip 's coronation at Mainz , and supported him till his victory was assured. After Philip's murder in , he "said and sang" in support of Otto of Brunswick against the papal candidate Frederick of Hohenstaufen ; and only when Otto's usefulness to Germany had been shattered by the Battle of Bouvines did he turn to the rising star of Frederick, now the sole representative of German majesty against pope and princes.
From the new emperor, Walther's genius and zeal for the empire finally received recognition: That Frederick gave him a further sign of favour by making him the tutor of his son Henry VII , King of the Romans , is more than doubtful.
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The fact, in itself highly improbable, rests upon the evidence of only a single poem, the meaning of which can also be interpreted otherwise. Walther's restless spirit did not suffer him to remain long on his new property. In he was once more at Vienna, and again in after the return of Duke Leopold VI from the crusade. He was active in urging the German princes to take part in the crusade of , and may have accompanied the crusading army at least as far as his native Tirol.
In a poem he pictures in words the changes that had taken place in the scenes of his childhood, changes which made his life there seem to have been only a dream. Walther's work is exceptionally well preserved compared to that of his contemporaries, with over 30 complete manuscripts and fragments containing widely varying numbers of strophes under his name.
The most extensive collections of his songs are in four of the main Minnesang manuscripts: In addition to these, there are many manuscripts with smaller amounts of material, sometimes as little as a single strophe. With the exception of MS M the Carmina Burana , which may even have been compiled in Walther's lifetime, all the sources date from at least two generations after his death, and most are from the 14th or 15th centuries. Certain or potential melodies to Walther's songs come from three sources: The latter are the only potential melodies to Walther's love songs, the remainder being for religious and political songs.
The ascription of other melodies to Walther in the Meistersang manuscripts the Goldene Weise , the Kreuzton , and the Langer Ton is regarded as erroneous. How she carols over the heath in her high clear voice! What marvels she performs! How deftly she sings in organon! How she varies her singing from one compass to another in that mode, I mean, which has come down to us from Cythaeron , on whose slopes and in whose caves the Goddess of Love holds sway! She is Mistress of the Chamber there at court.
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Grove Music Online evaluates Walther's work as follows:. He is regarded as one of the most outstanding and innovative authors of his generation His poetic oeuvre is the most varied of his time, In his work he freed Minnesang from the traditional patterns of motifs and restricting social function and transformed it into genuinely experienced and yet universally valid love-poetry. Walther's main contribution to the German love lyric was to increase the range of roles that could be adopted by the singer and his beloved, and to lend the depiction of the experience of love new immediacy and vibrancy.
In Walther's political and didactic poetry we again observe a consummately versatile poetic voice, one which finds new ways to give artistic expression to experience despite the constraints of the taste of audiences and patrons and by the authority of literary conventions. Walther is one of the traditional competitors in the tale of the song contest at the Wartburg.
Walter is mentioned in Samuel Beckett 's short story " The Calmative ": In , a statue of Walther was unveiled in a square in Bolzano see above , which was subsequently renamed the Walther von der Vogelweide-Platz. Under fascist rule, the statue was moved to a less prominent site, but it was restored to its original location in Fountain on main square in Sankt Veit an der Glan , Austria.
There have been more scholarly editions of Walther's works than of any other medieval German poet's, a reflection of both his importance to literary history and the complex manuscript tradition.
Consistent reference to Walther's songs is made by means of "Lachmann numbers", which are formed of an "L" for "Lachmann" followed by the page and line number in Lachmann's edition of In der Minnesangforschung werden verschiedene Reihungsprinzipien verfolgt. Auffallend ist in dieser Entwicklungsphase des Minnesangs die Abstraktheit in M.
Tervooren, 36 , I. Minnelyrik I mit neuhochdt. Kommentar , , S.
Neophilologus 38, , S. Lea, Die Sprache lyr. Halle 90, , S. Neue Deutsche Biographie 16 , S. Der als Dienstmann des Grafen Hartmann von Dillingen nachgewiesene Meinloh de Sevelingen kann der Dichter nicht sein, sondern ist vielleicht sein Sohn, wahrscheinlich sogar schon sein Enkel. Zwar pflegt er noch die alte Gattung der einstrophigen Frauenmonologe. Ihn hat es ergriffen mit der Kraft eines allbezwingenden Zaubers: Die Wunder, welche er selbst entdeckt hat, an sie will er nun auch die Anderen glauben lehren.