The History of Tasmania, Volumes I-II, Complete
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Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings. T he journal of these gentlemen was published as a letter to the Perth Inquirer. It contains the following statements.
They left York on the 9th of January with a pack-horse carrying flour, tea, and sugar for a month. They had two native guides, Konak and Quallet, who were ready at all times to carry game, or firewood, or do any little office required of them.http://videowire.co.uk/images/95.php
Historical Notes: Administration and Law - tables - Tasmanian Legislation Online
They also took from York a native boy, to shoot kangaroos, and act as interpreter when the guides were unintelligible to them. Their whole journey out and back only occupied fourteen days, that is, from the 9th to 23rd. They proceeded by Nymbatilling to the Hotham River, and by Carbal to a mound spring, called by the natives Yungamening. The country was generally level, partly scrub, partly good grazing land. Beyond Yungamening they passed over some hills into another fertile valley.
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However this "extinction" was a myth, as documented by Lyndall Ryan in The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman , who named the island Anthoonij van Diemenslandt, after his sponsor, the Governor of the Dutch East Indies. The name was later shortened to Van Diemen's Land by the British.
Captain James Cook also sighted the island in , and numerous other European seafarers made landfalls, adding a colourful array to the names of topographical features. The first settlement was by the British at Risdon Cove on the eastern bank of the Derwent estuary in , by a small party sent from Sydney, under Lt. An alternative settlement was established by Capt. The settlement at Risdon was later abandoned.
The early settlers were mostly convicts and their military guards, with the task of developing agriculture and other industries. Numerous other convict settlements were made in Van Diemens Land, including secondary prisons, such as the particularly harsh penal colonies at Port Arthur in the south-east and Macquarie Harbour on the West Coast. The Aboriginal resistance to this invasion was so strong, that troops were deployed across much of Tasmania to drive the Aborigines into captivity on nearby islands. In , Tasmanian roads were first macadamised and carthorses began to replace bullocks. In the same year, the first substantial jail was completed on the corner of Macquarie Street and Murray Street and merino sheep arrived from John Macarthur 's stud in New South Wales.
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The inauguration of the Supreme Court occurred in , as did the opening of Cascade Brewery , Australia's longest continuously operating Brewery. Cannibal convict Alexander Pearce was hanged after escaping twice from Macquarie Harbour who survived by eating his companions and convict Matthew Brady begins his bushranging career after escaping from Macquarie Harbour.
Also in that year, the Richmond Bridge , Australia's oldest existing bridge, was opened and a party of soldiers and convicts establishes Maria Island penal settlement.
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Hobart experienced a disease epidemic which was blamed on rivulet pollution. A courthouse was built on the corner of Macquarie Street and Murray Street and street lighting with oil lamps was introduced. A proclamation made in by Lieutenant-Governor George Arthur excluded Aborigines from settled areas and was the year of the Cape Grim massacre.
In , martial law was also declared against Aborigines in settled areas after Van Diemen's Land Company shepherds killed 30 Aborigines at Cape Grim and regular mail services with Sydney began. That year also saw widespread floods. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages.