The Christian Goddess: Archetype and Theology in the Fantasies of George MacDonald
Such symbolism is extremely unusual for a Christian author of this period and anticipates the efforts of many modern theologians to develop an image of God as Mother. Bonnie Gaarden reads the goddess-figures in MacDonald's fantasies as both archetypes of the collective unconscious and as emblems articulating MacDonald's unique Christian theology, which is Trinitarian, Neo-Platonic, mystical and universalist. The goddesses become the central figures around which the author develops her interpretations of MacDonald's adult fantasy-novels, his children's books and some of his fairy tales.
These readings discover MacDonald's ideas about God and the nature of good and evil, models of spiritual and psychological development that foreshadow the theories of Carl Jung and Eric Neumann, and acerbic commentary on the values and customs of Victorian society and religion.
MacDonald dramatized his view of evil and its cure in the title character of Lilith, a Terrible Mother archetype historically embodied in the Hindu goddess Kali.
The Christian Goddess : Archetype and Theology in the Fantasies of George MacDonald
The great-grandmother in the Princess books, a personification of the multi-dimensional activity of Divine Wisdom, springs from the Judeo-Christian Sophia and the classical Athena, while Kore figures in The Princess and the Goblin, Lilith, and Phantastes re-present the transforming descents of Persephone and Christ. This book shows MacDonald's fantasies as a chronological bridge, anchored in the traditions of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament, incorporating the teachings of Christian mysticism and theistic Romanticism, and linking to the contemporary concerns in Western society that have given birth to the New Age.
The Christian goddess portrayed in these fantasies may strike the reader as a Deity whose time has come. Nielsen Book Data Femininity of God in literature. Bonnie Gaarden asserts that MacDonald, a Victorian Scot who wrote one of the first adult fantasy novels produced in English and became a powerful influence on C. Lewis, also "anticipated the modern quest for the feminine face of God. Product details Format Hardback pages Dimensions Bestsellers in Literary Studies: On Writing Stephen King.
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