Evolution: Fact or Fiction? - The Secret Truth Darwinists Dont Want You to Know
Rather, the towers were detonated by an expertly covered-up collusion among Zionists and U. You might have expected these notions would, if entertained at all, be dispelled by the exhaustive debunking job that Popular Mechanics did with its 5,word article on the subject back in Not so, as those who take an interest in conspiracy culture know well. What I found striking about the first installment in the Slate series, by Jeremy Stahl, is the parallels with what we know about the thought and writings of Evolution Truth activists: It may have seemed just a delicious coincidence at the time to find Branch and Fetzer teaming up so comfortably.
An Analysis of the September 11th Attack. According to the mini-theory, Chertoff the Elder called the shots and ordered up the article through the medium of Chertoff the Younger. They have sort of a divine answer to every argument you might make. The theory generates its own alternative reality, which it needs to do since the experience of living in the real world goes so much against it.
When he burst on the scene a century and a half ago, in the Eric Hufschmid role, Darwin offered precisely a conspiracy theory: These "missing links" are halfway houses between familiar species. For instance, earlier we said that chickens are ultimately descended from dinosaurs.
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In a team led by Xing Xu of the Chinese Academy of Sciences described a small dinosaur called Microraptor , which had feathers similar to modern birds and may have been able to fly. In , a single medium ground finch arrived on an island called Daphne Major. He was unusually large and sang a somewhat different song to the local birds. He managed to breed, and his offspring inherited his unusual traits. After a few generations, they were reproductively isolated: This little group of birds had formed a new species: This new species is only subtly different from its forebears: But it is possible to watch far more dramatic changes as they happen.
View image of Escherichia coli bacteria have been seen evolving Credit: Richard Lenski of Michigan State University is in charge of the world's longest-running evolution experiment. Since , Lenski has been tracking 12 populations of Escherichia coli bacteria in his lab. The bacteria are left to their own devices in storage containers, with nutrients to feed on, and Lenski's team regularly freezes small samples.
They have adapted to the specific mix of chemicals he gives them. In , Lenski's team reported that the bacteria had made a huge leap forward. The mixture they live in includes a chemical called citrate, which E. But 31, generations into the experiment, one of the 12 populations started feeding on citrate. This would be like humans suddenly developing the ability to eat tree bark. The citrate was always there, says Lenski, "so all of the populations have [had] the opportunity in a sense to evolve the ability to use this But only one of the 12 populations has found their way to do this.
Darwinism and 9/11 Conspiracy Theories: The Parallels
At this point, Lenski's habit of regularly freezing samples of the bacteria proved crucial. He was able to go back through older samples, and trace the changes that led to the E. To do this, he had to look under the hood. He used a tool that wasn't available in Darwin's day, but which has revolutionised our understanding of evolution as a whole: Genes control how an organism grows and develops, and they are passed on from parent to offspring.
When a mother chicken lays lots of eggs, and passes that trait onto her offspring, she does so through her genes. Over the last century scientists have catalogued the genes from different species. It turns out that all living things store information in their DNA in the same way: What's more, organisms also share many genes. Thousands of genes found in human DNA may also be found in the DNA of other creatures , including plants and even bacteria. These two facts imply that all modern life has descended from a single common ancestor, the "last universal ancestor", which lived billions of years ago.
By comparing how many genes organisms share, we can figure out how they are related. That suggests they are our closest relatives. When Lenski went back through his E.
Why everything you've been told about evolution is wrong | Science | The Guardian
These changes are called mutations. Some of them had happened long before the bacteria developed their new ability. It also illustrates an important point about evolution. A particular evolutionary step may seem extremely unlikely, but if there are enough organisms being pushed to take it, one of them probably will — and it only takes one.
But evolution doesn't always make things better. Its effects are often, to our eyes at least, rather random. View image of The tree of life. We're in with the "chordates" Credit: The mutations that lead to changes in an organism are very rarely for the better, says Moran.
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In fact, most mutations have either no impact, or a negative impact, on the way an organism functions. When bacteria are confined to isolated environments, they sometimes pick up unwelcome genetic mutations that get passed on directly to every generation. Over time, this gradually hampers the species. What's more, organisms sometimes lose abilities. For instance, animals that live in dark caves often lose their eyes. This may seem odd.
We tend to think of evolution as a process of biological betterment, of species improving and becoming less primitive.
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But this is not necessarily what happens. View image of How did giraffes Giraffa camelopardis get their long necks? The notion of betterment can be traced back to a scientist named Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, who was pushing the idea that organisms evolve before Darwin was. His contributions were vital.
But unlike Darwin, Lamarck thought that organisms got better at living in their environments as a deliberate reaction to those environments, as though they inherently wanted to improve. Lamarck's theory would say that giraffes have long necks because their ancestors stretched to reach tall trees, and then passed their newly-acquired long necks on to their offspring.
How would you test that? Darwin had an alternative theory: It offers a completely different explanation for giraffes' long necks. View image of Giraffes Giraffa camelopardis Credit: Imagine an ancestor of modern giraffes, something a bit like a deer or antelope. If there were lots of tall trees where this animal lived, the animals with the longest necks would get more food, and do better than those with shorter necks.
After a few generations, all the animals would have slightly longer necks than their ancestors did. Again, those with the longest would do best, so over many years, giraffes' necks would gradually get longer, because those with short necks tended not to have offspring. The mutations underlying this all happened at random, and were just as likely to produce short necks as long ones.
But those short-neck mutations didn't tend to last. Animals like giraffes are so striking because they appear so perfectly adapted. They live in areas where the trees are tall and only have leaves high off the ground, so of course they have long necks to reach them. But if you look closer, it is the result of a long chain of little changes. Descent with modification, which is caused by random mutations in genes, ultimately leads to gradual changes and the formation of new species — much of it driven by natural selection, which weeds out those organisms that are less suited to their environments.
Human evolution has always been a concept difficult for some to stomach, but it's impossible to turn a blind eye to it now, says Stringer. View image of The skulls of a Neanderthal and modern human Credit: The fossil record shows a gradual change from ape-like animals walking on all fours to bipedal creatures that gradually developed bigger brains. The first humans to leave Africa interbred with other hominin species, such as the Neanderthals.
How do we know that evolution is really happening?
View image of Sickle cell anaemia damages blood cells Credit: For instance, in the s a British doctor called Anthony Allison was studying a genetic disorder called sickle-cell anaemia, which is common in some African populations. People with the disorder have misshapen red blood cells, which don't carry oxygen around the body as well as they might. Allison discovered that the east African populations were divided into groups of lowland-dwelling people, who were prone to the disease, and people who lived in the highlands, who were not.
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